Лекция: Present perfect continuous tense

1. Поставьте глагол в скобках в Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

1. How long have you been learning English? – I (to do) it for 2 years now.

2. What has Peter been doing these two weeks? – He (to get) ready for his exam.

3. What have they been discussing all this time? – I think they (to talk) about their plans for the summer.

4. Have you been waiting for me all this time? – Yes, but I (to read) something interesting.

5. Has it been raining here all this week? – Oh, it (to pour) with rain!

6. What books have you been looking through so long? – I (to try) to find something to read on the train.

7. Have they been building their country cottage all summer? – Well, they actually (to repair) it.

8. Where has Peter been hiding himself all this time? – He (to stay) with some friends.

2. Скажите, как долго длилось данное действие:

Example:It is raining now. It began raining two hours ago. It has been rainingfor two hours.

1. Kevin is studying. He began studying three hours ago. He … for three hours.

2. I’m learning Spanish. I started learning Spanish in December. I … since December.

3. Ann is looking for a job. She began looking six months ago. … for six months.

4. Mary is working in London. She started working there on 18 January. … since 18 January.

5. George smokes. He started smoking 5 years ago. … for five years.

3. Переведите предложения из прямой речи в косвенную, начиная их со слов ‘She wonders’:

1. How long has your friend been learning English?

2. Why have you been avoiding me lately?

3. Have your students been making much progress this term?

4. What have you been worrying about so much all this week?

5. Since when has your daughter been dating that young man?

6. Has it really been raining all week here?

7. What grammar material have you been studying this month?

8. What has been happening here for the last few years?

9. What have you been writing with if you haven’t a pen or a pencil?

10. How long has all this trouble been going on?

4. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в Present Perfect Continuous; перескажите шутки:

A.‘Is John thinking of marriage?’ a friend asks John’s mother. ‘Oh, I don’t think so’, his mother answers, ‘because he (to study) for a bachelor’s degree all this time’.

B. ‘I am sure you should marry John. He really loves you’, the father said to Mary. ‘How do you know that?’, she asked. ‘Well, I (to borrow) money from him for a long time, and he still keeps coming to see you’.

C. ‘Women are such liars!’, a man says to his wife. ‘A woman always says she (to shop) when she hasn’t bought anything’. ‘But men are no better’, his wife retorted, ‘a man says he (to fish) when he hasn’t caught anything’.

D.‘Are you sure, doctor, that this is a good remedy for my illness?’ the patient asks. ‘Of course I am’, the doctor replies, ‘one of my patients (to use) it all his life, and he has never asked me for another’.

E.A man asks his friend after a long monologue, ‘Haven’t I tired you with my problems?’ ‘Oh, don’t worry’, the other man answers, ‘I (to think) of my own problems’.

5. Раскройте скобки, поставив глагол в нужном времени:

1. I already (to finish) the play which I (to translate) all these months.

2. My father (to write) a new textbook now. He (to work) at it for three years.

3. You (to look) tired. You (to work) hard lately?

4. I (to think) about this problem ever since we (to discuss) it with you.

5. All this time I (to try) to remember how long it (to be) since you (to finish) high school.

6. I (to feel) much better ever since I (to start) taking this wonderful medicine.

7. I clearly see that I (to change) constantly all this time while I (to stay) here with your family.

8. I (to feel) much worse ever since I (to take) this awful medicine.

9. Is this something new that you (to wear)? – Oh, no, I (to wear) it for a few months now. It’s strange that you (to notice) suddenly what I (to wear).

6. Поставьте глагол в скобках в Present Continuous, Present Perfectили Present Perfect Continuous:

1. Meanwhile the third man, who (to fasten) the boat for the last ten minutes, and who (to spill) the water down his sleeve, and (to curse) away to himself steadily all this time, wants to know what you (to play) at and why the tent isn’t up yet. At last, somehow or other, it does go up.

2. Rainwater is the chief article of diet at supper. The bread is two-thirds rainwater, and the jam, and the butter, and the salt, and the coffee all (to combine) with it to make soup.

3. Then you go to bed and dream that an elephant (to sit down) on your chest, and that the volcano (to explode) and (to throw) you down to the bottom of the sea, and that the elephant still (to sleep) on your bosom. You wake up and grasp the idea that something terrible (to happen). You feel as if thousands of people (to kick) you all the time. ‘What (to happen?’ ‘The bally tent (to blow) down’.

(after Jerome)

7. Переведите:

1. Мы с вами не виделись с тех пор, как я переехал в другой район. Чем вы всё это время занимались?

2. Он в последнее время такой хмурый. Я все время пытаюсь узнать, что с ним случилось, но он молчит.

3. Я давно жду случая поговорить с тобой. Почему ты в последнее время меня избегаешь?

4. Что ты здесь делаешь? – Жду Петра. – Давно ждёшь? – С утра. – И он не приходил? – Говорят, он приходил час назад, но я его не видел.

5. Мы не видели друг друга с тех пор, как вы уехали из нашего города. Что вы делали все это время?

6. С тех пор, как он переехал в наш район, мы встречаемся с ним каждый день.

7. Наконец-то ты пришел! Где ты был всё это время? – Так вы ждали меня здесь? А я вас ждал совсем в другом месте.

8. Я весь день сегодня ищу тебя, где ты был?

9. Я вчера весь вечер искал ваш дом, но так и не нашел. – А мы ждали тебя до полуночи.

10. Наконец-то я тебе дозвонился (to get smb. on the phone). Я звоню с трёх часов. – Как странно, я весь день дома.

11. Обычно я делаю такой перевод за полчаса, а над этим текстом я работаю уже 2 часа и пока не закончил, всё еще перевожу.

12. Я не могу вспомнить, где мой журнал. – Он у меня (to keep) уже неделю. – А я всю неделю ищу его у себя дома. Как он к тебе попал (to get)? – Ты же сам мне его дал, ты забыл?

13. В последнее время ты пишешь диктанты гораздо лучше; раньше ты делал оченьмногоошибок. – И правда, я делаю меньше ошибок с тех пор, как стал больше читать по-английски дома.

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