Лекция: Negative Sentences

1. Поставьте предложения в отрицательную форму:

a) 1. I am a student of French. My parents are teachers.

2. His brother is in London now.

3. This is a big town.

4. Your house is very nice.

5. There is a book on the shelf.

6. They have many children.

7. John has a brother.

8. We have much time now.

9. She has got many good books.

b) 1. I like English.

2. John likes tea.

3. We know French.

4. She knows many stories.

5. The table stands near the door.

6. The chairs stand near the window.

7. John lives far from here.

8. My sister studies French.

9. It rains very often in autumn.

10. Our children go to school every day.

11. Nina writes many letters to me.

2. Закончите предложения. Все они должны быть отрицательными. Используйте don’t / doesn’tи следующие глаголы:

Cost, drive, go, know, play, see, sell, smoke, wash, wear.

1. ‘Have a cigarette’. ‘No, thank you. I ….

2. They … newspapers in that shop.

3. She has a car but she … very often.

4. I like films but I … to the cinema very often.

5. He smells because he … very often.

6. It’s a cheap hotel. It … much to stay there.

7. He likes football but he … very often.

8. I … much about politics.

9. She is married but she … a ring.

10. He lives near our house but we … him very often.

3. Исправьте предложения, содержащие неверную информацию:

Пример: The Sun goes round the Earth. – The Sun doesn’t go round the Earth. The Earth goes round the Sun.

1. The Sun rises in the West.

2. Applicants take entrance exams in winter.

3. Pupils enter the Institute at the age of 14.

4. Mice catch cats.

5. If a student fails an exam, he receives monthly grants.

6. The Germans make the best perfumes.

7. The river Amazon flows into the Pacific Ocean.

8. The lessons at the University last 2 hours.

9. All students study Spanish at the University.

10. The city of Krasnoyarsk is in Europe.

11. Everybody in Russia has a mobile phone.

12. The French produce the best cars.

4. Вставьте подходящий глагол:

1. Do not … many books.

2. She does not … tea and he does not … coffee.

3. They don’t … in London now.

4. We don’t … you.

5. She doesn’t … this story.

6. They don’t often … to me.

7. It doesn’t often … in summer.

8. This book doesn’t really … us new information.

9. We don’t … to school on Sundays.

10. She doesn’t … early on Sundays.

11. They don’t … breakfast very early.

5. Дайте краткий отрицательный ответ по модели “No, I don’t/I am not”и т.п.:

1. Are you a teacher?

2. Is your brother at home?

3. Do you speak French?

4. Does your sister speak German?

5. Do your parents work?

6. Are your grandparents pensioners?

7. Is her voice pleasant?

8. Does she speak loudly?

9. Do you friends live far from you?

10. Is the answer correct?

11. Are these books in English?

12. Do the chairs stand near the window?

10. Does your friend often come to see you?

11. Is there a bed in the room?

12. Are there any books on the table?

6. Закончите предложения по модели “I like books, and he doesn’t”:

1. Nina likes winter, and I …

2. My sister works, and my brother …

3. My mother is a teacher, and my father …

4. We are students and they …

5. I am fond of jazz, and my brother …

6. John lives in the centre, and his parents …

7. My brother learns English, and I …

8. The table is round, and the chairs …

9. The chairs are small, and the table …

10. My car goes very fast, and his car …

11. In his country it often rains, and in my country it …

12. We have a lot of friends, and she …

7. Откройте скобки, используя настоящее простое время. Перескажите рассказ:

This is a story about a king who is very fond of new clothes. He (not to think) at all about his army or about his people, he (not to go) to theatres, he (not to walk) in the park. The king always (to buy) new clothes because he (not to like) to wear the same things every day. One day two young swindlers (мошенники) (to come) to the king and (to say) that they can make clothes from some wonderful material, so that people who (not to be) fit for their jobs (not to see) it. The king (to be) so glad to have new clothes that he (not to ask) them any questions, and the men (to begin) working on his new clothes. In fact, they (not to do) anything, they only (to pretend) to work. When the king (to come) to look at their work, he (not to see) anything, but he (not to have) courage to tell them so: he (to think) that probably he (not to be) fit to be king. So he (to say) that the material (to be) really wonderful, and then he (to ask) his first minister to go and look at it. The minister (not to see) anything either, but he (not to tell) anybody about it because he (to be) afraid to show that he (not to be) fit for his post. He (to return) to the king and (to say) that the material for his clothes (to be) very beautiful.

At last the new clothes (to be) ready, and the king (to decide) to show them to all the people. He (to go) to the young men, who (to ask) him to take off his old clothes. They (to pretend) that they (to dress) him in his new clothes, but in fact they (not to put) any clothes on him. The king (to walk) about the streets in his new clothes, and the people (to look) at him but nobody (to see) any clothes on him. As they (not to want) to show that they (not to be) fit for their jobs, all the people (to shout): ‘How beautiful the king’s new clothes (to be)! What wonderful clothes the king (to have) on!’ The king (to be) greatly surprised why he himself (not to see) the clothes which everybody (to see). And again he (not to say) anything, but only (to smile) proudly. Suddenly a little child (to say) to his mother: ‘Look, mummy, the king (not to have) any clothes on!’ And then all the people (to begin) to shout, too: ‘Look! The king (to have) no clothes on!’

(H. Andersen)

8. Переведите:

1. Я люблю зиму, а он – нет: он любит осень. 2. Мы живем в большом городе, а он – нет: он живет в деревне. 3. Её друзья знают английский, а она – нет: она знает только русский. 4. Мой брат – студент, а я – нет: я хожу в школу. 5. На этой полке есть книги, а на той – нет (никаких): там тетради. 6. Стол стоит рядом с окном, а кровать – нет: она далеко от окна. 7. В их группе много мальчиков, а в нашей группе – нет: в нашей группе есть только девочки. 8. Нина иногда встает поздно, а её родители – нет: они всегда встают рано. 9. Река находится близко от моего дома, а лес – нет: он далеко от нас. 10. Моя сестра учит два языка, а мой брат – нет: он учит только один язык.

9. Используйте настоящее время. Перескажите шутки:

A. A young man (to come) to the theatre. He (to sit) near two young girls who (to talk) all the time, and the young man (not to hear) the actors. At last he (to say) to the girls in a whisper, ‘I (to be) sorry, ladies, but I (not to hear) anything.’ ‘Of course’, (to answer) one of the girls angrily, ‘this (to be) a private conversation, and we (not to want) you to hear it’.

B. A young woman (to say) to her friend, ‘I (to know) a man who (to be) ninety years old, and he always (to feel) very well. He (to say) it (to be) because he (not to drink) wine, (not to eat) meat, (not to watch) television and (not to worry) about anything in his life’. ‘Maybe he (to be) right about it’, her friend answered, ‘but he (to be) wrong if he (to think) that this (to be) really life’.

C. An old man (to come) to a doctor and (to complain) that his left foot often (to ache) at night. ‘Well’, the doctor (to reply), ‘it (to be) natural: you (not to be) very young’. ‘I (not to understand) this, doctor’, the man (to say), ‘my right foot (to be) as old as the left, but it (not to ache) at all!’

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