Реферат: Sport: general, in Britain

<span Times New Roman",«serif»">Sport is good for all


To begin a conversation about sport it is important tosay some words about it’s history. And I’d like to tell you about Olympic Games.An athletic festival with competitions in music and poetry was held every fouryears on the <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>island</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Peplos</st1:PlaceName></st1:place> in <st1:place w:st=«on»>Southern Greece</st1:place>. The period between the games was calledan Olympiad.

The games were held in honour of Zeus, the principlegod of the Greeks, who according to the legend lived on <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Mount</st1:PlaceType> <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Olympus</st1:PlaceName></st1:place>.The festival lasted five days and became a symbol of peace and friendshipbecause in keeping with the decree of that time no wars should be waged duringan Olympiad.

The athletes competed in running, boxing, wrestling,horse and chariot racing and the like. The winners were given laurel wreaths inthe <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>temple</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Zeus</st1:PlaceName></st1:place>.

And nowadays the Olympic Games have been regularlyheld in different countries of the world and have become a wonderful traditionwhich helps to bring people closer together.

People all over the world are fond of sport. Somepeople do morning exercises, train themselves in clubs and in differentsections. There are many sport clubs that anyone can join. Light athleticsgives much opportunity to those who go in for it. It includes track fieldevents: running, long-jumping, high jumping, and others. But there’re a lot ofpeople, who like sport too but they only watch sport games and listen to sportnews. They prefer to read interesting stories about sportsmen. But they don’tgo in for sport.

         Many children are fond of ball games:basketball, volleyball, football. They are so exiting. Children like to takepart in the competitions to see who is the quickest, the strongest, who canjump best, and who is the best swimmer or player. Pupils in different classeshold competitions in different kinds of sport. All the competitions and gamesare very popular with the pupils. A lot of fans always come to watch them.

But there’re some bad sides of sport. Sport todaymeans big business for both players and sponsors. Sporting events like theWorld Cup, which has a big TV audience, make huge amounts of money. Companieslike Coca Cola and Adidas have paid a lot of money to sponsor a sport events.They know that their names and logons at the sport stadiums and participants’clothes. The high rewards have encouraged some sportsmen to take drags toimprove their performance.

 As for me my favoritesport is swimming. It’s a wonderful sport. And It’s a good exercise too. Itmakes people strong and healthy.

I think sport helps people to stay in a good shape,keeps them fit, healthy and makes them more organized and better disciplined intheir daily activities.

Sports in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Great Britain</st1:place></st1:country-region>

Nationalsports in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Great Britain</st1:place></st1:country-region>…It is a very interesting question, because many kinds of sport have taken theorigin in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>.

The Englishmen love sports, they are calledsports-lovers in spite of the fact that some of them neither play games noreven watch them. They only like to speak about sports.

Some kinds of sport are professional in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>.

Manytraditional sporting contests take place in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>, for example, cricket. Thisgame is associated with <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>En­gland</st1:place></st1:country-region>.There are many cricket clubs in this country. English people like to playcricket. They think that summer without cricket isn't summer. If you want toplay cricket you must wear white boots, a white shirt and white long trou­sers.

Thereare two teams. Each team has eleven players. Cricket is popular in boys'schools. Girls play cricket too.

Football has got a long history. Football was playedby the whole village teams in the middle ages in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>.

Now football is the most popular game in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Britain</st1:place></st1:country-region>. It isa team game. There are some amateur teams but most of the teams areprofessional ones in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>.Professional football is a big business. Football is played at schools too.

In rugby football you can see a ball, but it is notround. It is oval. This is a team game. There are fifteen players in each team.It is a popular game in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>.There are many amateur rug-by football teams in this country.

If we speak about football we can mention an Americanfootball too. It is a game that is played between two teams of players using anoval ball that can be handled or kicked. The captain of the team must be theoldest or best player.

Table tennis or ping-pong originated in 1880. But theBritish players are not lucky in tennis international championships. Manypeople like to play table tennis. This game is played by men and women.

Thereare some tennis clubs in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>,but if you play there it is necessary to pay money for it. Englishmen likeplaying tennis but many of them prefer to watch this game.

<st1:place w:st=«on»>Wimbledon</st1:place>is the centre of lawn tennis. Some years ago <st1:place w:st=«on»>Wimbledon</st1:place> was a village, now it is a part of <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>London</st1:place></st1:City>. The mostimportant tennis competition takes place there every summer.

Englishmenpay much attention to swimming, rowing and walking. The most famous boat racein <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>is between <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Oxford</st1:place></st1:City>and <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Cambridge</st1:place></st1:City>.  It is usually held on the <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Thames</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>River</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>.A lot of people come to watch it.

There are some racing competitions in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>. Theyare motor-car racing, dog-racing, donkey-racing, boat-racing, horse-racing. Allkinds of racings are popular in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>England</st1:place></st1:country-region>.It is interesting to see the egg-and-spoon race. The runner, who takes part inthis competition, must carry an egg in a spoon. It is not allowed to drop theegg.

I must speak about the <st1:place w:st=«on»>Highland</st1:place>Games in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Scotland</st1:place></st1:country-region>.All competitors wear <st1:place w:st=«on»>Highland</st1:place> dress. There aresuch competi­tions as putting the weight, tossing the caber and others. TheEnglish are great lovers of sports.

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