Реферат: Окончание -s как показатель числа падежа и лица

Задание 1

Укажите номера предложений, в которых окончание "-s" является показателем: a) множественного числа имени существительного; b) притяжательного падежа имени существительного; c) глагола в 3-м лице ед. числа Present Simple.

1. All Belarusian citizens are equal before the law, they enjoy equal rights and equal duties.

2. The Belarus’s population is less than 10 million now.

3. Their laboratory occupies a separate part of the building.


Окончание "-s" является показателем множественного числа имени существительного для следующего предложения:

1. All Belarusian citizens are equal before the law, they enjoy equal rights and equal duties.

Окончание "-s" является показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного для следующего предложения:

2. The Belarus’s population is less than 10 million now.

Окончание "-s" является показателем глагола в 3-м лице ед. числа Present Simple для следующего предложения:

3. Their laboratory occupies a separate part of the building.

Задание 2

Укажите номера предложений, в которых указательные местоимения this, these, that, those выступают как заместители ранее упомянутых существительных. Назовите эти существительные.

1. Natural rubber is of higher quality than that produced artificially.

2. These factors taken together ensure high production efficiency.

3. The pictures painted by Rembrant and those painted by Rubens have very little in common.


1 — rubber

3 — pictures


Укажите номера предложений, в которых встречаются сравнительные конструкции, имеющие значение: a) такой же, … как; b) не такой, … как;

с) чем; d) чем … тем.

1. On behalf of their nations the leaders of European countries, the United States and Canada declared in Helsinki in the summer of 1975 that their countries will encourage the expansion of trade on as broad a multilateral basis as possible.

2. The better a region is surveyed, the more reliable its potential deposits of raw materials and the better its economic prospects.

3. In Siberia highways are not so economically effective as a railway since motor transport over such long distances means vast fuel expenditure.

4. There is more water in Lake Baikal than in the Baltic Sea.


a) — 1

b) — 3

с) — 4

d) — 2

Задание 4

Read the text. Then read the titles. Which of the following titles is the best?

a) Radio and Electronic Devices.

b) Radio Waves.

c) The Birth of Radio.

d) Radio and TV.

1. Today we don’t think twice when we turn on the radio, but when a 21-year-old Italian invented it over 100 years ago no one could believe their ears.

2. One day in 1895 in Bologna, Italy, an Italian engineer sent the world’s first radio signal. Using a simple radio transmitter and a receiver, he sent a signal from his attic room to his brother who was hidden in a field a kilometer away.1 ____. The Italian government showed no interest in young Marconi’s invention, but his mother believed he had a good idea. So in February of the following year, she sent him to England to meet her cousin who was an important engineer.2____.

3. In England this engineer and his cousin were joined by two other inventors. In 1897 he formed the Wireless Telegraph Company in London and started to transmit simple radio signals over long distances. In 1899 he sent the first wireless telegraph across the English Channel to France.3 ____.

4. He had always believed that radio waves could travel round the curve of the earth. By 1901 he had improved his radio system so much that on 12th December he astonished the world by sending the first radio signals across the Atlantic Ocean.

4 ____. His system was soon adopted by the British and Italian navies. From now on, his company had the monopoly of wireless communication and he became a multi-millionaire.

5. This engineer is one of the key figures of the twentieth century. He even recognized the military importance of radar and thought of the idea of sending radio signals out into space. When he died in 1937, wireless stations all over the world closed down for two minutes as a mark of respect. He made only one big mistake.

5 ____.


4. — с)


Read the text again. Choose the best sentence from the list below to complete each gap.

a) They were transmitted from Poldhu in Cornwall, and were received 3,520 kilometres away in St John’s, Newfoundland, using an aerial flown in the air by a kite.

b) When his brother received the signal he fired a gun.

c) He thought that television would never become popular.

d) This meant that ships were now able to send messages from ship to shore if they were in distress.

e) It was a journey that would change the world.


1. — b)

2. — e)

3. — a)

4. — d)

5. — c)

Задание 6

Choose the best answer to these questions according to the text.

1. Who invented the radio?

a French engineer,

an American engineer,

an Italian engineer.

2. What was the Italian government’s attitude towards this invention?

The Italian government was interested in this invention.

The Italian government didn’t believe that this invention was very useful.

The Italian government wasn’t interested in this invention.

3. Who helped this Italian engineer to continue his work?

American engineers,

His cousin and two other inventors,

Italian scientists.

4. Why was this invention so important for the British and Italian navies?

Because it was very cheap.

Because it helped the ships to send messages from ship to shore if they were in danger or difficulty.

Because they wanted to use it against the USA navy.

5. What was the only mistake made by the inventor?

He didn’t recognize the importance of radar.

He didn’t recognize the importance of telegraph.

He didn’t recognize the importance of television.


1. — с)

2. — с)

3. — b)

4. — b)

5. — c)


Translate paragraphs 2 and 3 into Russian.


2. Однажды в 1895 в Болонье, Италия, итальянский инженер послал первый в мире радиосигнал. Используя простой радиопередатчик и приемник, он с чердака отправил сигнал брату, который спрятался в поле на расстоянии километра. Когда его брат получил сигнал, он произвёл выстрел. Итальянское правительство не проявило никакого интереса к изобретению молодого Маркони, но его мать верила, что у него родилась хорошая идея. Так, в феврале следующего года она отправила его в Англию, чтобы он встретился с ее двоюродным братом, который был важным инженером. Это было путешествие, которому было суждено изменить мир.

3. В Англии к этому инженеру и его кузену присоединились два других изобретателя. В 1897 в Лондоне он образовал Телеграфную Компанию и начал пересылать простые радиосигналы на длинные расстояния. В 1899 он отправил первую телеграмму через Ла-Манш во Францию.

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