Реферат: Diabetes Essay Research Paper DiabetesThis disease is

Diabetes Essay, Research Paper


This disease is caused by defective carbohydrate metabolism. It causes

large amounts of sugar in the blood and urine. It can damage the kidneys, heart,

eyes, limbs, and endanger pregnancy. About five percent of the United States

population has it and about half are undiagnosed. A diabetic that is treated

life span is lowered by one-third

There are two types of diabetes. Type I, insulin-dependent diabetes

mellitus (IDDM). And type II, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM).

Type I

This type usually occurs in children and young adults, it is known as

one of the autoimmune diseases. It is 10-15 percent of all cases. The pancreas

lets out insulin that lets sugar glucose into all tissues in the body and in

this type of diabetes most or all of this insulin is not made. So all the extra

glucose is let out through urine. If untreated this type could be fatal quickly.

The body cannot get enough energy from tissue glucose so it starts to break

down stored fat. With this people loose a lot of weight and they have fatigue.

Your blood becomes acidic and respiration becomes abnormal. People usually die

from diabetic coma until they figured out how to use insulin therapy. In both

forms it could cause a kidney disease from high blood sugar levels; bad sight

from blood vessels in eyes rupturing, less blood going to the limbs could make

them have to cut them off. They have high blood pressure which increases heart

attacks and strokes in diabetes too. Type II

This type is found in mostly in people over 40 it progresses slowly

unlike type I. The insulin in the pancreas is produced in good levels but does

not work right. It does not let the glucose in to the tissues just like in type

I. The people in type II are usually over weight. Treatment

The treatment for both types is insulin injections and changes in their

diet. They must spread out every thing that they eat in a day so they sugar

comes in slow. For type II they have to loose weigh and exercise more. Some

people test their own blood sugar levels throughout the day and have insulin


DIABETES Robert Quinn Brick Memorial High School January 23, 1997

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