Реферат: Civil War Essay Research Paper Fatoorechi ShivaPer

Civil War Essay, Research Paper

Fatoorechi, Shiva

Per. 5 H. History


The Civil War leads to the Glorious Revolution

The civil war lasted from 1642 to 1649. Directly after the civil war came the

Glorious Revolution, when James II was overthrown. Facts of history show us that the

civil war was one of the main causes that lead to the glorious revolution. Many events

occurred during the Civil war, which lead to the overthrow of James II.

In 1641, the parliaments passed a law, which limited the royal power. Charles was

furious, and he tried to arrest the parliament, but they escaped. A mob of Londoners

raged out side of the palace. Charles fled to London, and found many followers. People

there were loyal to him. From 1642 to 1649, the supporters and opponents of Charles

fought in the Civil war. The ones who were loyal to Charles were called Cavaliers, and

his opponents were called Puritans. In 1644, the Puritans found a general who could win

the civil war. His name was Oliver Cromwell. In 1646, Cromwell and his new army

defeated the Cavaliers. In 1649, Charles was found guilty of treason, and sentenced to

death. This execution was revolutionary. After Cromwell died, Charles II became the


In 1685, Charles II died, and James II became king. He soon angered his subjects

by flaunting his Catholicism, and appointing Catholic men in high offices. Seven

members of the Parliament invited William and Mary to overthrow James. William and

Mary lead their army to London, but James fled to France. The overthrow of King James

II was called the glorious revolution.

As we look closely into the facts of history, we realize that many event were

linked together. The glorious revolution could not have happened if it had not been for

the civil war. The civil war time began the limitation of royal power, and without this,

the subjects would have not been able to over throw a king. Another reason the civil war

lead to the glorious revolution is that Charles was executed during the civil war. If

Charles had not been executed he might have still been king, so the overthrow of James

couldn?t have happened.


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