Реферат: Marketing Plan Essay Research Paper Components of

Marketing Plan Essay, Research Paper

Components of the Marketing Plan I. Situation Analysis: Where are we now? A.

Historical Background The coffee tree is native to Ethiopia. From there it

spread throughout the Middle East. Until the 17th Century all the coffee of

commerce came from Arabia. Slowly, the efforts of Dutch merchants spread

cultivation to the East Indies. Coffee cultivation began in the Americas in the

early 1700?s. Most of the coffee trees of the Western Hemisphere are said to

be descended from a single plant. It was carried from a botanical garden in

France to the island of Martinique in the West Indies by Capt. Gabriel Mathieu

de Clieu, a young military officer. He kept the tree alive during an arduous

voyage by sharing with it his limited ration of drinking water. Coffee

cultivation spread quickly through the West Indies in the next few years. Coffee

was the first grown in Brazil in 1729. Brazilian coffee exports achieved

importance by 1809, and since the mid-1800?s Brazil has by a considerable

margin been the world?s leading coffee rowing nation. Between 1850 and 1900

other Latin American nations developed extensive coffee plantations. Commercial

coffee growing began in central Africa about 1900. Africa, however, became a

major source of coffee only in the period following World War II. The origin of

man?s use of coffee is lost in the timeless legends of the Middle East. One of

the most appealing relates that some monks, after observing the liveliness of

sheep which had eaten coffee cherries, began to eat the cherries to help keep

themselves awake through long nights of prayer. Consumption of coffee probably

began by the 6th century AD. A reference to coffee appears in a medical

manuscript of AS 900. It was first used as a food, as a medicine, and as an

ingredient in wine. Coffee as a beverage similar to that of today – a water

extracted of roasted beans – appeared around 1300. In the middle political

discussion. Rulers periodically attempted to suppress them; King Charles II of

England termed coffeehouses «seminaries of sedition.» When it became

known that roasting coffee beans brought out their flavor, roasted beans were

crushed, boiled in water, and then consumed grounds and all. Spices were often

added to the brew. In Egypt soon after 1600, sugar was added to cut the

bitterness of coffee. The use of milk became common in the late 1600?s. In

Scandinavia and colonial America, eggs were added to reduce bitterness.

Espresso, which is brewed by forcing steam through finely ground darkly roasted

coffee beans, became popular in the 1940?s. It was the main beverage served in

the coffeehouse that began to flourish near college campuses. Again the centers

of literary and political discussions, as well as poetry and folksinging,

coffeehouse were favorite spots for the beatniks and hippies of the 1950?s and

1960?s. B. Consumer Analysis Bad Ass Coffee Company products are attempting to

serve the serious coffee drinkers out there. We are trying to focus of course on

the older generation as well as the younger generation of coffee drinkers in the

United States today. We want to try and aim our coffee more toward the younger

generation of coffee drinkers since more and more young adults are starting to

drink coffee. a. The Bad Ass Coffee Company distribution channel can be

segmented into 4 categories.? Independent retailers? Supermarkets? Mass

Merchandisers? Our personal market customers b. Bad Ass Coffee Company will be

targeting the independent retailers as well as the supermarkets and hope start

our own brand name stores around the world. c. The people who would probably

enjoy our products the most would most likely be the baby boomer type era. We

would like to aim our products more toward the new generation of coffee drinkers

to come. d. Kids and minorities are not really going to be targeted as much as

the young adults but everyone will be recognized as a coffee drinker by our

company. e. The serious coffee drinker buys an average of 5lbs of coffee a week.

Our goal is to try and raise this average with the bad ass coffee name in every

household. C. Competitive Analysis Some firms are forced to develop unique

distribution channels because of inadequate promotion of their products by

independent marketing intermediaries. Not Bad Ass Coffee Company, we add a

direct sales force through selective distribution. We only sell our coffee to a

limited number of retailers. In order to get Bad Ass Coffee you must got to one

of our many coffee houses in the U.S. or order directly through us. Only a

select few specialty stores carry our product. We want our coffee to be a

delicacy. II.) Marketing Objectives: Where do we want to go? A.)Sales Objectives

To increase our sales volume in the next year we plan on increasing sales at the

Bad Ass Coffee Company by an increase of advertising exposure, awareness of our

products to the public, educational seminars such as the one held at The

Specialty Coffee Association of America trade show in New Orleans, new target

market of the young coffee drinker, and entering the global market. By using

trend analysis which involves forecasting future sales by analyzing the

historical relationships between sales and time, the following would be a

conservative estimate. Chart on last page! B. Profits Objectives Based on the

Bad Ass Coffee Company?s current distribution methods, our price range, profit

margin, promotions (open house, trade show, and seminars) and high quality of

our products, our current level of sales are anticipated to increase in the

future. The total revenue of Bad Ass Coffee Company can be figured by taking the

price of the product and multiplying the quantity sold. Total Revenue = Price X

Quantity Currently Bad Ass Coffee Company sells to distributors at $75.00 a case

of 6 bags of Bad Ass Coffee. Last year Bad Ass Coffee sold very close to 25,000

cases, the total revenue for this would be $75.00 X 25,000 = $1,875,000 Once

that total revenue is computed, expenses must be subtracted to see the actual

profit accumulated. Profit = Revenue – Expenses With product history and using

the above computations, a profit projection could be calculated. C. Consumer

Objectives The Bad Ass Coffee Company Mission Statement is as follows: «The

mission of the Bad Ass Coffee Company is to provide the best tasting organic

coffee in the universe. To do this, we will sell and roast exclusively organic

coffee. We will support our customers in an effort to spread the word that

organic also means satisfying and delicious. And most importantly to remember

why we started this company in the first place. To put our coffee knowledge to

good use, to live in harmony with the planet, and to have fun doing it.» We

want our company to be perceived as an industry leader with innovative, quality

coffee aimed at the serious coffee drinker. The Bad Ass Coffee Company was

recently honored and recognized at The Specialty Coffee Association of America

seminar as 1996?s best coffee of the year. An award which confirms our

commitment to quality. III.) Strategy: How can we get there? A.) Product

Strategy We want our consumers to be happy with every bean they see come out of

our Bad Ass Coffee Bean bags. To meet our consumers needs, we will be trying a

few new ideas.? We will be offering our own line of flavored creamers? A new

and fun bag design is in the process right nowWe will be offering special deals

to preferred customers and offering samples of our new line of coffee out this

summer. We will be offering these and many more things in the future to attract

all different types of coffee drinkers in the United States. Hopefully our new

flavors will attract some new customers and our old customers will spice up

their coffee with our new flavored creamers for a kick of something new. B.)

Pricing Strategy? To help our company grow we plan on putting 50% of our gross

profit this year back into the company. We will also spend a little more on

advertising this quarter.? We will cut back on promotional discounts to no

greater than 5% for special show orders, open house orders and seminar orders.

This will apply to all employees also.? We also plan to stay competitive

within the market category for the coffee industry. In different situations

depending on the customer, the following would be a possible price concession in

the market of our product.? Cash discounts if the product is paid for in

specified terms.? Quantity discounts for truckload orders.? Promotional

allowances? Salesperson discount? Credit towards products? Commission C.)

Distribution Strategy There are several channels of distribution that can be

used. If the buyer meets the Bad Ass Coffee Company standard credits terms,

buying minimums, ect. The following flow chart depicts the possible distribution

methods available with Bad Ass Coffee Company. Wholesaling Intermediaries

Manufacturer- Independent Retail-Owned Owned Wholesaling Cooperative and

Facilities Intermediaries Buying Offices Merchant Agent and Wholesalers Brokers

To make distribution possible there are a few things required.? Warehouses

around the country? Truck Docks? Appropriate machinery? Personnel to run

the business These facilities can be located anywhere in the U.S. as long as the

right facilities are present and they meet the Bad Ass Coffee standard credit

terms and meet the following requirements? Represent Bad Ass Coffee Company in

a professional manner.? That we have large enough facilities to hold our

products.? Easy access to hold products.? Easy access for our truck to load

and unload.? That we keep a clean and safe work area. D.)Promotional Strategy

Personal selling will be very critical. It is important to develop a customer

relationship where a win-win situation can occur creating long-term

relationships with you customers. Once the salesperson had identified a

qualified prospect, he or she collects all available relevant information and

plans an approach- the salesperson?s initial contact is an invaluable step. A

presentation will follow so the client can be familiarized with the product. The

actual moment of truth is the selling aspect of our product which can also be

called the closing. The amount to be spent on advertising is at the discretion

of the sales people in the field. Cooperative advertising budgets, marketing

development funds, ect are all budgeted every year to the sales department,

although the ultimate responsibility for advertising decision making often rests

with top marketing management, the organization of the advertising function

varies among different products in our company. Bad Ass Coffee Company spends

approx. $26,000 a year on advertising alone. We spend our money on such things

as attending trade shows throughout the U.S. Advertising our product is

essential in good yearly sales quotas. Some of the money is spent on advertising

Bad Ass Coffee company in trade flyers, and by advertising products in trade

publications to increase buyer awareness around the country. Promotional

activities will include offering discounts for trade shows, open houses, and

educational seminars across America. Bad Ass Coffee Company also uses

independent advertising agencies because they typically are staffed with highly

qualified specialists who provide a degree of creativity and objectivity that is

different to sustain in corporate advertising departments. E.) Financial

Strategy 10% of Bad Ass Coffee Company?s budget is allocated to marketing, of

that, 10%-30% is spent on advertising alone. My proposition is that 15% will be

spent on current advertising methods with the national trade publications. The

remaining 15% will be spent on new advertising for the targeted young customers.

I we do not accomplish this plan, Bad Ass Coffee Sales could begin to level off.

It is necessary to keep the wheel turning, finding new buyers to replace the

ones that no longer exist in our market. My goal of targeting the younger buyer

could continue to increase the sales of the Bad Ass Coffee Company.

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