Реферат: Baseball Ii Essay Research Paper Baseball has

Baseball Ii Essay, Research Paper

Baseball has been providing us with fun and

excitement for more than a hundred and fifty years. The

first game resembling baseball as we know it today was

played in Hoboken ,New Jersey, on June 19, 1846. The

New York Nine beat the New York Knickerbokers that day, 23-1.

The game was played according to rules drawn up by

Alexander J. Cartwright. A surveyer and amateur athlete.

It is a myth that Abner Doubleday1 invented baseball. It

was Alexander Cartwright, not Abner Doubleday, who

first laid out the present dimensions of the playing field

and established the basic rules of the game.

The first Professional baseball team was the Cincinnati

Red Stockings, who toured the country in 1869 and didn’t

lose a game all year. Baseball began to attract so many

fans that in 1876 the National league was organized-the

same National league that still exists today.

Although the game was played in 1876 it was

recognizable as baseball-nobody would confuse it with

football or basketball-it was quite a bit different from

baseball as we know it now. For example, pitchers had to

throw underhand, the way they still do in softball;the

batter could request the pitcher to throw a “high” or “low”

pitch; it took nine balls, rather than four, for a batter to

get a base on balls; and the pitching distance was olny 45

feet to home plate.

The rules were gradually changed over the following 20

years, until by about 1900 the game was more or less the

same as it is today. In 1884, the pitchers were permitted

to throw overhand; in 1887, the batter was no longer

allowed to request a “high”or “low” pitch; by 1889,it took

only four balls to get a batter to a base on balls;

the pitching distance was legthened to sixty-

feet, six inches.

And since that day in 1846 There have been

many greats to make up the game baseball such as Ty

Cobb who was born in a small town in Georgia in 1886. He

threw right-handed but batted left-handed. He held his

hands a few inches apart on the bat and learned to bunt

or slap line-drive hits precisely where he wanted them. He

made place hitting an art.

In the summer of 1905, Cobb joined a major league

baseball taem, the Detroit Tigers .On August 9, Ty Cobb

registered his first base hit as a member of the Tigers.

In the many years to follow he added over four thousand

more hits. Along with them would come a national rep-


Another player who some have said “changed the

game”, is John Roosevelt(”Jackie”) Robinson2.On April

15, 1947 at two o’clock that tuesday afternoon when nine

Brooklyn Dodgers sprang out thier dugout to take the feild

to start the 1947 baseball season. It was a memorable

event in basebaall history, indeed in American history.

Undoubtedly Robinson was a great ballplayer. He

was National league’s Rookie of the year in 1947 and its

Most valuable player (MVP) in 1949. He won the election

in 1962 to the Bseball Hall of Fame, the first African-

American ever chosen for that honor.

And perhaps the greatest ballplayer of all time was

Goerge Herman (Babe Ruth). During the 1920, Ruth’s first

season as a New York Yankee, he hit .376, not enough to

win the American league batting championship but a figure

far beyond what today is registered by major leagues

leaders. He also hit safely in 26 consecutive games,

clubbed 9 triples and 36 doubles, and batted in 137 runs.

Despite his weight of over 215, he stole 14 bases.

Most remarkably, however, Ruth slugged 54 home

runs for the season. Closest to him in the American League

was Goerge Sisler, with 19 homers, while the National

League leader recorded a total of only 15. Almost every

team in both leagues registered a total number far below

the 54 of Babe Ruth alone.

There have been many more talented and great ball-

players in the game such as (Ted Williams,Leo Durocher,

Hank Aaron,Mickey Mantle,Roger Maris,Willie Mays,Joe

DiMaggio,Bob Feller.Ted Williams Brought with him a supurb

batting eye and a striving for absolute perfection that

eventually produceda .344 lifetime batting average. Bob

feller possessed afastball that rivaled Walter Johnson’s.

Joe DiMaggio hadstyle, courage and leadership qualities that

many say havenever been equaled.

These and other ballplayers have all done thier part to

shape the game of baseball.

Not only has there been great ballplayers but there

has also been many memrable moments. Such as in the 1920

Pennant race, Carl Mays threw a spit-ball and KILLED

clevlands favorite short-stop, Ray Chatman.

For any baseball fan, October is the most exiting time

of the year because that’s when the World Series takes

place. During the Series, every play is magnified. There are

no second chances. The pressure is on. Sixty MILLION

people or more are watching on TV.

Anything can happen. Maybe Carlton Fisk will stroke

an extra-inning, game-winning homer that will be remember-

erd for decades. Or maybe a pebble naer third base will

cause a bad hop over the head of Fred Lindstrom and cost

his team the championship.

Since the modern World Series began in 1903, some

of the showdowns have been boring, but many have been

exiting, hard-fought contests. Many, which have been truly

spactacular, with stomach-churning intensity and riveting,

gripping action. Melodrama and strategy. Heros and goals.

Seesaw battles to the end.

The longestgame in majorleague history in terms of

innings was a twenty-six-inning 1-1 tie between Brookln and

Boston on May 1, 1920. the starting pitchers, broklyn,s

Leon Cadore and Boston’s Joe Oeschger, both pitched the

entire distance, the equivalent of almost three full games.

The game took three hours and fifty minutes and finally

called on the accunt of the darkness at ten minutes to seven

in the evening. If they had lights back then, theres no tell-

ing how long that could have gone on for.

And today, we now have a new generation of ball-

players. Such as in 1998 at the end of the Mark McGwire3

who had sent 76 baseballs flying into outer space, Sammy

Sosa 70, and ken Griffey Jr., with 62which in the 1920 and

30’swas un-thought of un-imagnable, to even hit 15 home

runs now playes can hit 15 home runs by May 15th.

Another astonashing differance is players today are

earning countless millions of dollars, unlike days of

yesteryear whaen players only made if they were lucky

125,000 dollars.

Also the equipment has changed some ,for instents

the glove players didn’t start wearing gloves on the feild

until the 1880’s. At first, they wore only a thin peice of

leather over the palm of their hand, with five holes cut out

for the fingers to go through. By the 1890’s ,however,

the gloves began to look like today’s baseball gloves.

Nowadays, the glove is much larger than it used to be,

and the ball is not caught in the palm of the hand but

be trapped in the “pocket”, between the thumb and fore-

finger. Since the mid 1950’s, the glove has become more

of a net with which to snare the ball rather than just a

protective covering for hand.

Baseball games or also fun to watch because you are

rooting for your team to win. A home run by yor team is

great, and one by the other team is terrible. but, in addition

, a lot of other things are happening that are also fun to

know about. Once you become familiar with them you will

enjoy the game even more (provided, of course that your

team wins).

So you may ask why has baseball remained so popular

for all these years? Since Alexander Cartwright first laid

out the dimentions of the playing field and drew up the

rules of the game, it has furnished enjoyment and excite-

ment for countless millions of people, young and old alike.


1- Abner Doubleday was a young West Point cadet. He was

suposed to in the summer of 1839, in the village of cooper-

stown, New York.Start the game of baseball. Because of

the numerous types of baseball, or rather games similar to

it, some belived Doubleday startedn the game of baseball.

2- Jackie Robinson was the first African-American to play

the game.

3- For pitchers in this day and age, the most threatening

figure to stride toward the batter’s box with a piece of

lumber in his massive fists is six-foot-five, 250 pound, red-

head Mark McGwire. Right-handed at the plate and in the

field, the amidable freckle-faced first baseman is the

leading power-hitter of his generation.

4- Sammy Sosa signed his first proffessional baseball

contract ay age of sixteen.

Right-handed at bat and in the outfeild, he is tremed-

ously poplular in Chicago and in all Latin-America. Six-feet

and two hundred pounds, he was the smallest of the three

challenger for the home-run record. A regular with the Cubs

starting in 1993, Sosa is no newcomer to home runs he

averaged thirty-six a season over the three-year span from


Ritter, Lawrence S. Story of baseball. New York:

Beech Tree Paperback Book, 1999


Jacobs,William Jay .They Shaped The Game.

New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1994


Kahn, Roger. Memories of Summer. New York:

Hook Slide, Inc., 1997


Internet: AOL, 2000


Gutman, Dan .World Series Classics.New York:

Penguin Books USA Inc., 1994


Edited by Eliot Cohen. My Greatest Day in

Baseball. New York: Baseball Ink Book., 1991


Sowell, Mike. The Pitch That Killed. New York:

Macmillan Publishing Company.,1989

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