Реферат: Cults Essay Research Paper CultsThere are many
Cults Essay, Research Paper
There are many types of cults in the world, cults are everywhere but you just do not
see them. Every person in the world has been in contact with them in one way or
another in many cases you cannot see them. The closest cult we know of is on Rice
Lake called the Moonies led by Reverend Myung, where I have currently visited.
Cults can be involved in churches and even are earliest religions are called cults.
Cults are not the strongest groups’ sects are the strongest group. When you join a
sect you cannot get out of them but a cult you can leave without having any
problem or commitment. Sects will not let you out because many times it’s illegal
and they are afraid that you will say something to the public. Cults sometimes are
Religious cults are in every town and village there is no definition of a cult that is
accepted by sociologists and psychologist or religion many types of activities will
take cult like structures, an example would be any popular trend like physical
exercise this is called the physical fitness cult. Famous athletes are a big figure
when it comes to cults, many times Movie stars, professional athletes will endorse a
product and a trend will start, making it turn into a cult. Also people who generate
beliefs of something like flying saucer, aliens or any unknown figures can be cult.
In religion when people call a church they are referring to a sacred organization
having a highly structured or formalized dogma and hierarchy, but also allowing a
bit of flexibility about membership requirements allowing you to go to a church and
leave church when you want to. Although sects are against church attempts to
accommodate to secular society. Sects believe that they are protecting a true faith or
belief. Sects tend to stay away from world events, and also they believe in a strong
strict behavioral code and demand a commitment out of their people. The
differences between cults and sects are sometimes the same. Many scholars do not
make distinctions between the two. Cults are different because they do not expect as
much commitment. Many times’ cults do not expect couples to become apart. Cults
do not last as long as sects. Many times’ cults survive through a decade, and also
cults allow you to come and go as you want. Leaders of cults build around a
charismatic leader who has a lifestyle dedicated to a specific spirituality group that
they know other people will follow. The word Mormonism began as a small cult
then grew bigger until it became a sect and eventually into a church. All the new
religions followed the same thing by beginning small and getting bigger than
becoming a church. Contemporary Cults Cults go back as far as we know of life,
cults began to get bigger and be known throughout the world in the late 1960 s and
early 70 s as people were better educated and better understood how they were
formed and how they were run and people began to join. During this time Youths
and middle class people began to join cults because of the in thing to do and they
felt more secure about themselves. Cults really started to fascinate people when
Jimmy Jones cult began in November of 1978 when all attention was focused on
the mass suicide in Jonestown, a similar event happened in 1993 when federal
agents engaged in a shoot out with cult leader David Koresh.
Modern cults have many different practices and many different ways of leadership.
Some cults have a flexible functional leadership, like the groups in the charismatic
movement coming from the mainland Christian religion, other cults have people
who run and orchestrate cult events, like Reverend Myung Moon leader of the
unification church. The reason people are attracted to modern cults because it puts
emphasis on community and on direct experience with the divine. In cults’
participants often find a level of social support and acceptance that they do not find
in a nuclear family. This makes and generates a sense of belonging to something
profound and a feel of being somebody. People who often join cults such as this,
join because they think they are getting something the world did not give them.
Several factors have been looked at to figure why people like are modern youths
join cults. Factors that were looked at were drug’s war assignation of many
Cults have been questioned about brainwashing people, and found it to be true.
Cargo Cults Cargo cults are usually neutralist and are in it for money. The word
cargo refers to foreign goods possessed by Europeans. Cult members believe that
goods belong to themselves and that, with the help of ancestral spirits, the goods
can be returned to them through magic religious means. Brainwashing
Brainwashing is the process of deliberately subjecting people to physical and
psychological hardship in order to alter their thoughts and attitudes, and actions. It
also is a process of totally cleaning a mind of one set idea and replacing them by
another thought or belief. This is called to indoctrinate cleaning a thought and
putting a completely new thought in mind. Indoctrinating can take place without
brainwashing. There are 2 aspects of brainwashing they are confessions of past
crimes or errors of the past and re-education to new beliefs. Prisoners sometimes are
made to confess by lack of sleep and food and other forms of intense physical
discomfort, also isolation from victims’ families and from familiar surroundings.
Cult leaders show obedience, and humility and make other members give social
pressure to the new member to make them join. And the last thing they do is make
mutual criticism and self criticism sessions, which make them have a generalized
guilt feeling that all people have acceptance of new ideas is again fostered by group
pressure and the anticipated reward of freedom.
People who have a better understanding of psychology and neuophysiology have
made larger groups create extremely effective brainwashing programs. Their
techniques however have been used for centuries as inquisition making people give
excited confessions from alleged heretics. Religions sometimes use these methods
like scourging, rhythmic dancing and drumming and sometimes inducing a trance
like state in which the individual is open to conversion. In the 20th centuries, most
noticeably by the people’s temple of Guyana, whose membership committed mass
suicide. Mystery Cults Mystery Cults are usually in the ancient times whose
members believed that by means of the performance of particular secret rituals they
would gain knowledge that people in the normal world would not have and that
would make a mystical union with the divine. Mystery cults make their members
feel they are god and give them a feel of immortality that they cannot be destroyed.
Many times in mystery cults, cult leaders feel they died and were brought back to be
god or Jesus. Conclusion In today s society, cults are one of the many unfortunate
aspects endure in life. Leaders of Cults should be dealt with in a more serious
matter. Cult leaders are con-artists and are people that like to control others. Cults
should be controlled to protect innocent citizens from being taken advantage of.
CDROM: Religious Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993 CDROM:
Contemporary Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993. CDROM: Cargo
Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993. CDROM: Contemporary Cults.
Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993. CDROM: Religious Cults. Grolier
Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993. CDROM :Contemporary Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing
Inc..1993 CDROM :Contemporary Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc..1993 CDROM
Cargo Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc ..1993 VII