Реферат: Cults Essay Research Paper CultsThere are many

Cults Essay, Research Paper


There are many types of cults in the world, cults are everywhere but you just do not

see them. Every person in the world has been in contact with them in one way or

another in many cases you cannot see them. The closest cult we know of is on Rice

Lake called the Moonies led by Reverend Myung, where I have currently visited.

Cults can be involved in churches and even are earliest religions are called cults.

Cults are not the strongest groups’ sects are the strongest group. When you join a

sect you cannot get out of them but a cult you can leave without having any

problem or commitment. Sects will not let you out because many times it’s illegal

and they are afraid that you will say something to the public. Cults sometimes are

illegal to.

Religious cults are in every town and village there is no definition of a cult that is

accepted by sociologists and psychologist or religion many types of activities will

take cult like structures, an example would be any popular trend like physical

exercise this is called the physical fitness cult. Famous athletes are a big figure

when it comes to cults, many times Movie stars, professional athletes will endorse a

product and a trend will start, making it turn into a cult. Also people who generate

beliefs of something like flying saucer, aliens or any unknown figures can be cult.

In religion when people call a church they are referring to a sacred organization

having a highly structured or formalized dogma and hierarchy, but also allowing a

bit of flexibility about membership requirements allowing you to go to a church and

leave church when you want to. Although sects are against church attempts to

accommodate to secular society. Sects believe that they are protecting a true faith or

belief. Sects tend to stay away from world events, and also they believe in a strong

strict behavioral code and demand a commitment out of their people. The

differences between cults and sects are sometimes the same. Many scholars do not

make distinctions between the two. Cults are different because they do not expect as

much commitment. Many times’ cults do not expect couples to become apart. Cults

do not last as long as sects. Many times’ cults survive through a decade, and also

cults allow you to come and go as you want. Leaders of cults build around a

charismatic leader who has a lifestyle dedicated to a specific spirituality group that

they know other people will follow. The word Mormonism began as a small cult

then grew bigger until it became a sect and eventually into a church. All the new

religions followed the same thing by beginning small and getting bigger than

becoming a church. Contemporary Cults Cults go back as far as we know of life,

cults began to get bigger and be known throughout the world in the late 1960 s and

early 70 s as people were better educated and better understood how they were

formed and how they were run and people began to join. During this time Youths

and middle class people began to join cults because of the in thing to do and they

felt more secure about themselves. Cults really started to fascinate people when

Jimmy Jones cult began in November of 1978 when all attention was focused on

the mass suicide in Jonestown, a similar event happened in 1993 when federal

agents engaged in a shoot out with cult leader David Koresh.

Modern cults have many different practices and many different ways of leadership.

Some cults have a flexible functional leadership, like the groups in the charismatic

movement coming from the mainland Christian religion, other cults have people

who run and orchestrate cult events, like Reverend Myung Moon leader of the

unification church. The reason people are attracted to modern cults because it puts

emphasis on community and on direct experience with the divine. In cults’

participants often find a level of social support and acceptance that they do not find

in a nuclear family. This makes and generates a sense of belonging to something

profound and a feel of being somebody. People who often join cults such as this,

join because they think they are getting something the world did not give them.

Several factors have been looked at to figure why people like are modern youths

join cults. Factors that were looked at were drug’s war assignation of many

unpopular presidents.

Cults have been questioned about brainwashing people, and found it to be true.

Cargo Cults Cargo cults are usually neutralist and are in it for money. The word

cargo refers to foreign goods possessed by Europeans. Cult members believe that

goods belong to themselves and that, with the help of ancestral spirits, the goods

can be returned to them through magic religious means. Brainwashing

Brainwashing is the process of deliberately subjecting people to physical and

psychological hardship in order to alter their thoughts and attitudes, and actions. It

also is a process of totally cleaning a mind of one set idea and replacing them by

another thought or belief. This is called to indoctrinate cleaning a thought and

putting a completely new thought in mind. Indoctrinating can take place without

brainwashing. There are 2 aspects of brainwashing they are confessions of past

crimes or errors of the past and re-education to new beliefs. Prisoners sometimes are

made to confess by lack of sleep and food and other forms of intense physical

discomfort, also isolation from victims’ families and from familiar surroundings.

Cult leaders show obedience, and humility and make other members give social

pressure to the new member to make them join. And the last thing they do is make

mutual criticism and self criticism sessions, which make them have a generalized

guilt feeling that all people have acceptance of new ideas is again fostered by group

pressure and the anticipated reward of freedom.

People who have a better understanding of psychology and neuophysiology have

made larger groups create extremely effective brainwashing programs. Their

techniques however have been used for centuries as inquisition making people give

excited confessions from alleged heretics. Religions sometimes use these methods

like scourging, rhythmic dancing and drumming and sometimes inducing a trance

like state in which the individual is open to conversion. In the 20th centuries, most

noticeably by the people’s temple of Guyana, whose membership committed mass

suicide. Mystery Cults Mystery Cults are usually in the ancient times whose

members believed that by means of the performance of particular secret rituals they

would gain knowledge that people in the normal world would not have and that

would make a mystical union with the divine. Mystery cults make their members

feel they are god and give them a feel of immortality that they cannot be destroyed.

Many times in mystery cults, cult leaders feel they died and were brought back to be

god or Jesus. Conclusion In today s society, cults are one of the many unfortunate

aspects endure in life. Leaders of Cults should be dealt with in a more serious

matter. Cult leaders are con-artists and are people that like to control others. Cults

should be controlled to protect innocent citizens from being taken advantage of.


CDROM: Religious Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993 CDROM:

Contemporary Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993. CDROM: Cargo

Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993. CDROM: Contemporary Cults.

Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993. CDROM: Religious Cults. Grolier

Electronic Publishing Inc… 1993. CDROM :Contemporary Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing

Inc..1993 CDROM :Contemporary Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc..1993 CDROM

Cargo Cults. Grolier Electronic Publishing Inc ..1993 VII

еще рефераты
Еще работы по на английском языке