Реферат: The Odyssey 2 Essay Research Paper The

The Odyssey 2 Essay, Research Paper

The Odyssey

The Odyssey, written by Homer, is the story of Odysseus and how he faced misfortune in his attempts to return home after the Trojan War. From these misfortunes he learned to be a better man and became able to regain his place in his homeland of Ithaca.

During his journeys Odysseus often makes the mistake of staying to boast to

his enemies but learns that doing so gives his opposition a chance to seek retribution against him. After leaving Troy Odysseus attacks the land of the Cicones. Instead of leaving after his victory, he stays to celebrate until a

force is rallied against him and he must flee with many casualties. After-

wards Odysseus and his crew land on the island of the Cyclops. They are

attacked and some are eaten by Polyphemus. After intoxicating the great Cyclops, Odysseus and his men blind the monster with a heated spear. The

men could have made an escape without incident but Odysseus mocked Polyphemus and shouted out his real name, when before Odysseus had told him that his

name was “Noman”. With this new information Polyphemus prays to his father Poseidon to have Odysseus and his men punished. Having angered Poseidon,

they must wander throughout the sea slowly dying one by one. Odysseus learns that bragging can have ill effects and uses this knowledge on the island of

the Phaecians and Ithaca when he does not openly boast of his deeds and his journeys.

Odysseus also learns to pay close attention to the instructions of the gods,

or he might have to face a terrible price. When Odysseus and his crew landed

at the island of Aeolus, they were given a parting gift that would have

helped them greatly if they had paid heed to the warnings of Aeolus. He gave

Odysseus a bag full of the bad winds that would keep them from their home of Ithaca. Odysseus and his crew were in sight of the homeland they had waited

so long to see, when a band of rebel crewmen opened the bag creating a great gale that blew them back to Aeolus. When Aeolus saw this he believed that Odysseus was cursed and banished him from the island. This is not the only

time Odysseus was betrayed by his men and suffered a great price. When they landed on the island of Hyperion, bad winds prevented them from leaving.

Food soon became low; and when Odysseus fell asleep, the crew killed the

cows of Hyperion against numerous warnings. Hyperion was infuriated to see

this and had all of Odysseus’ men killed in a greatstorm. Odysseus learns

that the gods must be respected in order for any man to succeed.

During his journey Odysseus uses what he has learned from his mistakes to return home and kill the suitors. On the island of the Cicones, and with his encounter with Polyphemus, Odysseus learns that bragging can bring damaging circumstances. On Ithaca Odysseus never brags to the suitors and is able to enter his house without the suitors knowing his real identity. He takes the punishment of Antinous and the other suitors without saying a word and is

able to observe those who have invaded his house. Odysseus is able to see

who is loyal and who is not and take his revenge with the suitors never

knowing who he was until the final moment. Odysseus also learns to respect

the Gods. When he landed on Aeaea, the island of Circe, he follows the

instructions given to him by Hermes so that he can overcome Circe and free

his men. Odysseus follows the instructions Circe had given him very closely; entering and leaving Hades without misfortune and using wax in the ears of

his crew to pass the Sirens. Odysseus becomes a better man through his

journeys and is able to return to his homeland to restore his name.

Throughout his wanderings for home, Odysseus becomes a humbler and more respectful man. The once boastful man learns that his bragging can bring

people against him, and is quieter than before he left for troy.

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