Реферат: The Rise And Fall Of Hitler Reich

The Rise And Fall Of Hitler Reich Essay, Research Paper

title = The Rise and Fall of Hitler Reich

The Rise and Fall of Hitlers Reich

Feeling that all was lost, Hitler shot himself on April 30, 1945. By orders formally

given by him before his death, SS officers immersed Hitler?s body in gasoline and

burned it in the garden of the Chancellery. Soon after the suicide of Hitler, the Germ

On Easter Sunday April 20, 1889, at an inn called the Gasth of Zum Pommer, the wife

of an Austrian Customs official gave birth to a son, Adolf Hitler. He was the fourth

child to the parents of Alois and Klara Hitler of Austria. Hitler was a good student. One

of the teachers in his high school classified young Hitler as “notorious, cantankerous,

willful, arrogant, and irascible. He has an obvious difficulty in fitting in at school.” He

did well enough to get by in some of his courses but had no time for Adolf saw no real

reason to stay in high school. He left school at age sixteen without a leaving

certificate. In September 1907, Hitler left home taking with him all the money left to

him by his father, who had died a few years earlier. The money would preliminary

examination, the applicant was asked to submit drawings. Biblical drawings were

most preferred. Hitler?s drawings were returned saying they were “too wooden and

too lifeless.” He was rejected. He tried three months later and did not get pa Hitler

moved into an apartment with his friend in Vienna. He pretended to be a student living

off his relatives money. He read many books and sat in on the Austrian government

sessions. Hitler speaks of his life in Vienna as “five years in which I had In 1913,

Hitler moved to Munich. Life was not much better there until the First World War

started in 1914. While many people were frightened and sad at the thought of a world

war, Hitler was delighted. He held the rank of corporal, and in forty-seven b On

October 13th 1918, a month before Germany surrendered to the Allies, his good luck

ran out. When Hitler and his fellow dispatch runners were waiting in line for their food

rations, British troops began lobbing high explosive shells nearby. Some of th Hitler

soon regained use of his eyes, but as he was about to rejoin his regiment, he got the

terrible news of Germany?s surrender. “Once again, everything went black before my

eyes, and I tottered and groped my way back to the place where we slept and bu As

part of Hitler?s job, he investigated a party called “the German Workers? Party.” He

was disgusted how the group had no organization, although he was in favor of many

of the party?s ideas. To follow up with his job, he joined the group to make sure t Hitler

finally found his talent as a great orator. He first became aware of his talent while

teaching at the University of Munich. When he talked, he held his audiences

spellbound. He would sometimes lose five pounds a night by getting so active in his

He persuaded the other party members to rent one of the largest halls in Munich?one

that seated at least 2,000 people. There Hitler made of list of demands to the German

government. Point twenty-five said, “For modern society, a colossus with feet of cl

Ernst Rohm, a friend of Hitler?s, organized a group of storm troopers for Hitler. The

German name for storm troopers was Storm Abtcilung, or SA for short. They first beat

and killed hecklers at Nazi speakings. When there were no hecklers, they found Je

By the summer of 1923, the Nazi party had grown to 150,000 members. With the Nazi

movement growing so rapidly, Hitler knew it was time to make a move on Germany.

November 11, 1923 seemed like a perfect time for Hitler to make the grab for power. It

was Hitler captured the government leaders and forced them to join him. His 3,000

men then marched to Berlin in an attempt to take it over. The German police were

waiting. Shots were fired and sixteen nazis and two policemen lay dead. Hundreds

more were w The trial was a “political circus”. Hitler was allowed to speak for hours at

a time. During one of his speeches he said, “It is the External Court of History? That

court will judge us? as Germans who wanted the best for their people and their

fatherla Hitler served only nine months of his five-year sentence. The guards gave

him a suite of several adjoining rooms where guests could come or go as they

pleased. He was sent many gifts and grew visibly fatter. He wrote a book called Mein

Kampf, or My Str The government banned the Nazi party after the revolt. There were

also many reasons for lack of Nazi activity. The Allies had loosened their grip on the

German economy. The French had left the Ruhr leaving Germany?s industries intact,

and the United St The depression in America caused the economic system in

Germany to plummet. Because of the harsh times, Nazis got two million more votes

then the Communist party. The election put them just

under the Democratic party and gave them 107 more seats in the House. Hitler was

planning on running for President of Germany against Paul Von Hinderburg, a social

democrat. Hitler campaigned frequently, going to every major city and town. He was

the f By 1932 the SA troops numbered 400,000. The SA?s goal was to make people

afraid, and they accomplished that with ease. One of the most popular chants of the

SA troops is as follows: “Sharpen the knives on the sidewalk so that they can cut the

enemy?s bo In the election of 1932, Hitler could not beat out the eighty-five year old

President Hindenburg. However, 230 Nazi candidates held seats, and Hitler was

made Chancellor of Germany. It was the second highest position in the German

government. With only Hitler still was not elected to the Presidency. Using force,

Hitler got Hinderburg to pass a law that abolished freedom of speech, of the press,

and of assembly. Hitler then brought before the court the Enabling Act. This law gave

Hitler the power of a After the bills were passed, the German military feared that when

Hitler took full leadership of the country, they would lose control, and the SA would

take over. Hitler assured the military that this was not true. To gain their trust, he gave

them a li In August of 1934 President Hindenburg died. Hitler?s last obstacle in his

quest for complete power was removed. Using his unlimited powers, he combined the

offices of president and chancellor. To everyone in Germany he was now Der Fuhrer,

the leader. Avoiding capture by the approaching forces, Hitler shot himself on April

30, 1945. The world was never the same again. Hitler?s Reich was over, and millions

of jews were dead. Quite rightly, the world asked questions: How could this have

happened? Tru

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