Лекция: Упражнение 400

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на герундий.

1. She has always dreamt of living in a small house by the sea. 2. She disliked living in her old house. 3. She was thinking of buying a new one.

4. Now, she enjoys living in a beautiful new house.

5. She misses seeing the neighbours of course.

6. Usually she enjoyed talking to them and didn't mind helping them. 7. She likes cooking and is very good at it. 8. But she doesn't like washing and iron­ing. 9. She hates getting up early, but she has to. 10. She doesn't mind working a lot, you know. 11. She enjoys driving an expensive car. 12. She has always dreamt of travelling round the world. 13. But she hates flying and she's never been overseas. 14. She has risen to be head of the company in spite of being a woman in a man's world. 15. She loves meeting peo­ple because she can't bear being alone. 16. She loves talking to the press and appearing on TV shows. 17. She enjoys being photographed because she thinks she's beautiful. 18. She hates being laughed at. 19. She likes being stared at because she thinks she's attractive. 20. But she hates being ignored.

Упражнение 401

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на разные формы герундия.

1. The place is worth visiting. 2. Watching foot­ball matches may be exciting enough, but of course it is more exciting playing football. 3. She stopped com­ing to see us, and I wondered what had happened to her. 4. Can you remember having seen the man be­fore? 5. She was terrified of having to speak to any­body, and even more, of being spoken to. 6. He was on the point of leaving the club, as the porter stopped him. 7. After being corrected by the teacher, the stu­dents' papers were returned to them. 8. I wondered at my mother's having allowed the journey. 9. I under­stand perfectly your wishing to start the work at once. 10. Everybody will discuss the event, there is no pre­venting it. 11. At last he broke the silence by inviting everybody to walk into the dining room. 12. On being told the news, she turned pale.




Запомните следующие глаголы и выражения, требующие после себя герундия:
to avoid to burst out to excuse to finish to keep (on) to mind1
cannot help to deny to enjoy to forgive to give up to go on to postpone to put off to stop

Упражнение 402

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на герундий.

1. I avoided speaking to them about that matter. 2. She burst out crying. 3. They burst out laughing.

4. She denied having been at home that evening.

5. He enjoyed talking of the pleasures of travelling.

6. Excuse my leaving you at such a moment. 7. Please forgive my interfering. 8. He gave up smoking a few years ago. 9. They went on talking. 10. He keeps in­sisting on my going to the south. 11. Oh, please do stop laughing at him. 12. Do you mind my asking you a difficult question? 13. Would you mind com­ing again in a day or two? 14. I don't mind wearing this dress. 15. She could not help smiling. 16. I can­not put off doing this translation. 17. Though David was tired, he went on walking in the direction of Dover. 18. Her husband used to smoke, but he stopped smoking two years ago. But it was too late.

19. Have you finished washing the dishes yet?

20. Don't be nervous! Stop biting your nails! 21. He
postponed going to New York as he fell ill.

1 Только в вопросительных и отрицательных предложе­ниях: a) Do you mind me smoking? b) I don't mind having a dog in the house. См. Cambridge International Dictionary of English, с 899.

Упражнение 403

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя ге­рундий.

1. Перестаньте разговаривать. 2. Мы уже закон­чили чтение этой книги. 3. Продолжайте петь. 4. Вы не против того, чтобы открыть окно? 5. Он отрицал, что совершил преступление. 6. Я очень люблю рисовать. 7. Мы получили удовольствие от плавания. 8. Я не могла не согласиться с ним. 9. Он рассмеялся. 10. Она бросила курить. 11. Она избегала встречи с ним. 12. Мы отложим обсуж­дение доклада. 13. Наконец, они перестали сме­яться. 14. Она отрицала, что украла деньги. 15. Нам пришлось отложить поездку на дачу до следующей субботы. 16. Простите, что я потерял вашу ручку. 17. Когда она закончит писать сочине­ние? 18. Я не возражаю против того, чтобы остаться дома и поработать над моей новой книгой. 19. Пе­рестаньте дрожать. Избегайте показывать этим людям, что вы их боитесь. 20. Я не могу не беспо­коиться о них: они перестали писать. 21. Я не отри­цаю, что видел их в тот вечер. 22. Он не возражал против того, чтобы его осмотрели: он перестал при­творяться, что здоров. 23. Он не может меня про­стить за то, что я порвал его сумку. 24. Она отри­цала, что взяла мои часы. 25. Мальчик любит командовать своей сестрой. 26. Лучше отложить принятие решения. 27. Не могли ли бы вы дать мне книгу, когда закончите ее читать? 28. Ее сын пытался избежать ответа на ее вопросы, так как ему было стыдно, что он солгал ей прежде. 29. Он не мог не думать, что его сын совершил большую ошибку. 30. Простите меня, пожалуйста, что я открыла ваше письмо по ошибке. 31. Я перестала есть мясо и каждый день получаю удовольствие от более здоровой пищи.





Запомните следующие глаголы и выражения,
требующие после себя герундияс определенными
to accuse of to insist on
to agree to to look forward to
to approve of to object to
to be afraid of to persist in
to congratulate on to prevent from
to depend on to succeed in
to dream of to suspect of
to feel like to thank for
to give up the idea of to think of

Упражнение 404

Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на герундий.

1. Не was afraid of waking her. 2. I'm looking for­ward to going on holiday. 3. She congratulated her­self on having thought of such a good idea. 4. My friend succeeded in translating this difficult text. 5. She suspected him of deceiving her. 6. The poor peasant thanked Robin Hood heartily for having helped him. 7. He gave up the idea of ever hearing from her. 8. We are looking forward to seeing you again. 9. He has always dreamt of visiting other countries. 10. He persisted in trying to solve that difficult problem. 11. The cold weather prevented the girls from going for long walks. 12. Jane thought of leaving Lowood after Miss Temple's marriage.

13. They accuse him of having robbed the house.

14. He never agreed to their going on that danger­ous voyage. 15. He did not approve of her drinking so much coffee. 16. The teacher of mathematics did

not approve of his pupils dreaming. 17. All the hap­piness of my life depends on your loving me. 18.1 don't feel like seeing him. 19. I insist on being told the truth. 20. I object to his borrowing money from you. 21. I stretched out my hand to prevent her from falling.

Упражнение 405

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя ге­рундий.

1. Благодарю вас, что вы прислали мне такие красивые цветы. 2. Его обвинили в том, что он продал важные государственные секреты. 3. Он отрицал, что продал их. 4. Он настаивал на том, что невиновен. 5. Он боялся, что его посадят в тюрьму. 6. Шум в соседней комнате мешал мне думать. 7. Я думаю о том, чтобы поехать на юг летом. 8. Мальчик отрицал, что его постоянно ругают и наказывают. 9. Я настаиваю на том, чтобы поговорить с ним. 10. Я с нетерпением ждал встречи с братом. 11. Мне что-то не хочет­ся сегодня играть в лото. 12. Ей удалось сделать очень хороший перевод этого трудного текста.

Упражнение 406

Раскройте скобки, употребляя герундий в актив­ной или пассивной форме.

1. Why do you avoid (to speak) to me? 2. She tried to avoid (to speak) to. 3. The doctor insisted on (to send) the sick man to hospital. 4. The child insisted on (to send) home at once. 5. Do you mind him (to examine) by a heart specialist? 6. He showed no sign of (to recognize) me. 7. She showed no sign of (to surprise). 8. He had a strange habit of (to inter­fere) in other people's business. 9. I was angry at




(to interrupt) every other moment. 10. He is good at (to- repair) cars. 11. He was very glad of (to help) in his difficulty. 12. On (to allow) to leave the room, the children immediately ran out into the yard and began (to play). 13. In (to make) this experiment, they came across some very interesting pheno­mena. 14. The results of the experiment must be checked and rechecked before (to publish). 15. David was tired of (to scold) all the time. 16. The watch requires (to repair)1. 17. The problem is not worth (to discuss)1. 18. Jane Eyre remembered (to lock) up in the red room for (to contradict) Mrs. Reed.

Упражнение 407

Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся фор­му герундия.

1. The machine needs (to clean)1. 2. I am quite se­rious in (to say) that I don't want to go abroad. 3. He seemed sorry for (to be) inattentive to his child. 4. She confessed to (to forget) to send the let­ter. 5. The old man could not stand (to tell) what he should do. 6. Going to the party was no use: he had no talent for (to dance). 7. The Bronze Horseman is worth (to see)1. 8. After thoroughly (to examine) the student, the professor gave him a satisfactory mark. 9. After thoroughly (to examine) by the examination commission, the student was given a satisfactory mark. 10. She accused him of (to steal) her purse.

11. She reproached me for (not to write) to her.

12. This, job is not worth (to take)1. 13. After (to look) through and (to mark) the students' papers, the

1 Обратите внимание, что после глаголов to want, to need, to deserve, to require, а также после слова worth употребляет­ся active gerund, хотя по значению он passive.

E.g. My watch needs repairing (а не being repaired).

teacher handed them back. 14. After (to look) through and (to mark), the papers were handed back to the students. 15. These clothes want (to wash)1.

16. David was very glad of (to find) his aunt.

17. Excuse me for (to break) your beautiful vase.

18. You never mentioned (to be) to Greece. 19. She was proud of (to award) the champion's cup.


20. I don't remember ever (to meet) your sister.

21. I don't remember (to ask) this question by any­body. 22. The cat was punished for (to break) the cup. 23. The cat was afraid of (to punish) and hid itself under the sofa.

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