Лекция: Раздел 8.3.
8.3.1. Прочитайте текст и определите, в каких сферах проявился художественный дар Пола МакКартни:
1. rounding out – завершив
2. сoverd by – которую исполнили
3. launch party – первое выступление, открытие
4. anti-landmines campaigner – участник двжения против использования мин
James Paul McCartney was born on the 18th of June, 1942, in Liverpool. His father, Jim McCartney, was a self-taught pianist, and dance-band leader who encouraged Paul to be musical. His father gave him a trumpet, which he largely abandoned when he realised that he could not sing while playing. Later, when skiffle music became popular, Paul swapped the trumpet for a £15 Zenith acoustic guitar (which he still has).
Paul McCartney first rose to fame as a bassist, pianist, guitarist, singer and songwriter for The Beatles. He met John Lennon at a picnic on July 6, 1957, and was invited to join Lennon's band The Quarrymen as a guitarist. McCartney's schoolmate, George Harrison, joined soon after as a third guitarist, followed by the addition of Stuart Sutcliffe on bass. Pete Best joined on drums, rounding out the original lineup of the band. McCartney took over bass guitar duties in the early 1960s, when Lennon and Harrison declined following the departure of Sutcliffe. Ringo Starr replaced Best as drummer in 1962 to complete The Beatles' final line-up.
McCartney formed a close working relationship with Lennon and they collaborated on many songs. Out of all The Beatles compositions, it is claimed only 27 were composed by both equally. Typically, one would write most or part of a song and the other would finish it, incorporate it into another song or suggest useful changes. One of McCartney's most famous songs, covered by over 2,500 artists, is «Yesterday». McCartney claims the melody came to him in a dream, and was not sure for some time that the melody was original. During the early years of The Beatles' recording career, McCartney developed rapidly as a musician, singer and songwriter.
Among The Beatles, Paul was the last to marry and the only one never to divorce. McCartney met Linda Eastman, an American photographer at a Georgie Fame concert in the Bag O' Nails nightclub in Kingly Street, London in May 1967. They met again a couple of weeks later at the June 1, 1967 launch party for Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band and the relationship blossomed over the next two years. He and Linda married at a small civil ceremony at Marylebone Registry Office in 1969, while he was still a member of The Beatles. He adopted Linda's daughter from her first marriage, Heather (born 1962), and they went on to have three other children together: Mary (born 1969, and named after Paul's late mother), Stella (born 1971), and James (born 1977, and named after Paul's late father, who died in 1976). Paul and Linda would remain married and devoted to each other until Linda's death from cancer in 1998; the couple reportedly spent less than a week apart during their entire marriage.
On the musical side, McCartney was the first Beatle to record an outside project, composing (with George Martin) a score for the 1966 feature film starring British actress Hayley Mills called The Family Way, for which he won the Ivor Novello Award for Best Instrumental Theme. He also wrote and produced several successful recordings for other artists.
McCartney devised many of The Beatles' late 1960s projects including the Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band concept, the Magical Mystery Tour film and record, and the suite of songs that closes the Abbey Road album.
Although Starr had briefly quit in 1968, and Harrison had done likewise in 1969, it was Lennon who was the first to leave and not return in August/September 1969. McCartney publicly announced the break-up on April 10, 1970, a week before releasing his first solo album. The album McCartney featured a press release inside with a fake interview with himself explaining the end of The Beatles.
On June 11, 2002, McCartney married Heather Mills, a former model and anti-landmines campaigner, in a highly elaborate ceremony at Castle Leslie in Glaslough, County Monaghan, in the Republic of Ireland. He has joined with her to campaign against landmines, and he has donated substantial sums to the cause; for example, in 2003, he held a personal concert for the wife of banker Ralph Whitworth. Paul and Heather's first child, Beatrice Milly, was born on 28 October 2003. They are devorced now.
Recognised as an icon of the twentieth century, McCartney is listed in The Guinness Book Of Records as the most successful composer in popular music history. He has a record twenty-nine US number one singles, twenty of them with The Beatles, the rest with Wings and as a solo artist. McCartney has written or has co-writing credit on over 50 top ten hits, more than any other songwriter, and has been an influential bassist as well as an accomplished singer, guitarist, pianist, and drummer. With The Beatles he was one half of the highly successful songwriting team credited as Lennon-McCartney, along with fellow bandmate John Lennon. Their compositions for The Beatles remain amongst the best known songs in rock and pop music. The most notable of The Beatles' songs generally attributed to McCartney alone include «Can't Buy Me Love», «Yesterday», «Hello Goodbye», «Hey Jude», and «Let It Be».
Following the break-up of The Beatles in 1970, McCartney launched a successful solo career and formed the band Wings, scoring 30 Top Ten singles in the United Kingdom and United States. At the time of its release in 1977, the Wings single «Mull of Kintyre» became the highest selling record in British chart history (and remained so until 1984). McCartney has also worked in the fields of classical music (with works such as the Liverpool Oratorio) and ambient/techno music as The Fireman.
Aside from his musical work, McCartney is a painter (although until recently he kept his artwork private) and a strong advocate for animal rights, landmine action, vegetarianism, and music education.
8.3.2. Письменно переведите текст со словарём.
8.3.3. Выберите заголовок, наиболее соответствующий содержанию текста:
1. Famous Singer And Musician
2. Paul McCartney
3. The Beatles
4. Paul McCartney and The Beatles
8.3.4. Ролевая игра. Один из знаменитых кинорежиссёров приезжает к вам в институт на свой творческий вечер. Вы присутствуете на конференции и задаёте различные вопросы о его творческом пути.