Реферат: Tourism in Germany

<span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal">The South Ural <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»><span Times New Roman",«serif»;mso-font-kerning: 0pt;font-weight:normal">State</st1:PlaceType><span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal"> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>University</st1:PlaceType></st1:place><span Times New Roman",«serif»;mso-font-kerning:0pt; font-weight:normal"><span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal"><span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal"><span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal"><span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal"><span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal"><span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal"><span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal"><span Times New Roman",«serif»;mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight: normal">The paper work:<span Times New Roman",«serif»; mso-font-kerning:0pt;font-weight:normal"> <span Tahoma",«sans-serif»;mso-bidi-font-family: «Times New Roman»;mso-font-kerning:0pt">TOURISM IN <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»><span Tahoma",«sans-serif»; mso-bidi-font-family:«Times New Roman»;mso-font-kerning:0pt">GERMANY</st1:place></st1:country-region><span Tahoma",«sans-serif»; mso-bidi-font-family:«Times New Roman»;mso-font-kerning:0pt;mso-ansi-language: RU"><span Tahoma",«sans-serif»;mso-bidi-font-family:«Times New Roman»; mso-font-kerning:0pt"><span Tahoma",«sans-serif»;mso-bidi-font-family:«Times New Roman»; mso-font-kerning:0pt"><span Tahoma",«sans-serif»;mso-bidi-font-family:«Times New Roman»; mso-font-kerning:0pt"><span Tahoma",«sans-serif»;mso-bidi-font-family:«Times New Roman»; mso-font-kerning:0pt"><span Tahoma",«sans-serif»;mso-bidi-font-family:«Times New Roman»; mso-font-kerning:0pt">

Written by:

Shamanova Nadejda Andreevna

Group: S-151

Checked by:

Kovaleva Olga Ivanovna

<st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Chelyabinsk</st1:place></st1:City>

ContentsTOC o «1-3» h z u

Introduction.PAGEREF _Toc73690398 h 4

1.Germany… PAGEREF _Toc73690399 h 5

2. Getting there… PAGEREF _Toc73690404 h 7

3.Accommodation in Germany.PAGEREF _Toc73690407 h 10

4. Where to go.PAGEREF _Toc73690408 h 13

4.1.Festivals. PAGEREF _Toc73690409 h 13

4.2.National Parks. PAGEREF _Toc73690411 h 15

4.3.Routs in Germany.PAGEREF _Toc73690413 h 20

5. A Journey to Berlin… PAGEREF _Toc73690414 h 24

5.1.Accommodation in Berlin. PAGEREF _Toc73690415 h 24

5.2.Sightseeing in Berlin. PAGEREF _Toc73690416 h 28

5.3.Eat, Drink, Nightlife. PAGEREF _Toc73690417 h 32

Conclusion.PAGEREF _Toc73690418 h 34

Literature… PAGEREF _Toc73690419 h 35

Sites. PAGEREF _Toc73690420 h 35


<st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region></st1:place>is rich by its tourist recourses. Each land has a lot of variousplaces of interest. «Come and be enchanted by the HISTORIC HIGHLIGHTSOF GERMANY!»-This is the motto chosen bythirteen historic German cities that have joined together to offer you sometruly incomparable travel experiences.Theywill all fascinate and delight you — Augsburg,Bonn and Bremen;Erfurt,Freiburg,Heidelbergand Lübeck;Münster and Potsdam;Regensburgand Rostock;Trier and Würzburg.

Each of these many-faceted cities issteeped in history. At every turn you will encounter the great names of thepast and enjoy the architectural and artistic heritage of great eras. Deep in the heart of Europe, <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region> has had a seminal impact onContinental history. From the Holy Roman Empire to Otto Von Bismarck's GermanReich, Nazism and the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall, no other nation hasmoulded Europe the way <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>has — for better or worse.

Here, history really comes to life.And life comes to life too- in every season the calendars are jam-packed withevents for every taste: Top quality concert series, art exhibitions, outstandingtheatre, major international sporting events, colourful street festivals andtraditional Christmas Markets sparkle with lights. This rich, interwoventapestry of the past and the modern is also the key to the charm and dynamismof the historichighlights.

Fairy-talecastles, medieval towns, boisterous beer halls, breathtaking landscapes and acutting-edge arts scene — the land of Beethoven and Bratwurst delights, excitesand inspires.

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1. <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>


The lowlands in the north of <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region>stretch from the <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Netherlands</st1:country-region>to <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Poland</st1:country-region>, skimming southern<st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Denmark</st1:country-region></st1:place>where it bridges the North and Baltic seas. The industrialised central beltcinches <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Belgium</st1:country-region> and <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Luxembourg</st1:country-region> to the <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Czech</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Republic</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>'swestern prong. The Rhine and <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Main</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Rivers</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>, long crucial forinland shipping, power through the troughs and gorges which cut through theCentral Uplands. To the south, the <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Danube</st1:PlaceName><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>River</st1:PlaceType> drains the Bavarian highlandsfrom the Black Forest, near the French and Swiss borders, to <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Munich</st1:place></st1:City>. The southern reaches of the BavarianAlps give way to <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Austria</st1:place></st1:country-region>.

<st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>is not prey to dramatic climatic extremes, although there are regionaldifferences. The most reliably good weather is from May to October, with highsummer a good bet for shorts and T-shirt, even in the north. Autumn is a good timeto visit <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>.As the tourist scrum disperses and the forests turn golden, it's not toostifling to be active but still thirsty enough to end the day with a fewwell-deserved steins. Winter is wet, especially in the south, with snow rarelysettling for long except in the high country.

Facts for the Traveler

Visas:EU citizens can enter on an official identity card. Americans,Australians, Canadians, New Zealanders and Japanese just need a valid passport(no visa). Unless you're a citizen of a developing country, you can probablystay up to three months.
Time Zone: GMT/UTC +1 (CentralEuropean Time)
Dialling Code: 49
Electricity: 230V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric

When to Go

The German climate is variable so it's best to beprepared for all types of weather throughout the year. That said, the mostreliable weather is from May to October. This coincides, naturally enough, withthe standard tourist season (except for skiing). The shoulder periods can bringfewer tourists and surprisingly pleasant weather. There is no special rainyseason.


Germans love to party, and kick up their heels ateverything from pagan harvest romps to black tie opera galas. The WinterCarnival (Fasching) season occurs throughout <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region>,with big cities such as <st1:City w:st=«on»>Cologne</st1:City> (Köln), <st1:City w:st=«on»>Munich</st1:City> and <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Mainz</st1:place></st1:City>erupting into commotion just before Ash Wednesday. <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>'s rich musical heritage isshowcased in a plethora of festivals. Some towns concentrate on a particularcomposer, such as the Thuringian Bach Festival in March or the Richard WagnerFestival in <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Bayreuth</st1:place></st1:City>each July, whereas others focus on a particular style. The jazz festivals in <st1:City w:st=«on»>Stuttgart</st1:City> (April) and <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State> (November) are lively and popular.Autumn is a great time for harvest-inspired mayhem, especially in theRhineland, where the <st1:place w:st=«on»>Rhine</st1:place> in Flames frolicsfeature barges laden with fireworks. Mention must be made of Oktoberfest, <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Munich</st1:place></st1:City>'s annual lagerfrenzy, but it's a bit like being stuck in a nightmarish soccer crowd and ismore an example of tourism at its lowest ebb than a display of German culture.Christmas fairs are embraced wholeheartedly by German families; they occur in <st1:City w:st=«on»>Munich</st1:City>, <st1:City w:st=«on»>Nuremberg</st1:City>, <st1:City w:st=«on»>Lübeck</st1:City>, <st1:State w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:State>,Münster and <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Heidelberg</st1:place></st1:City>,amongst other places.


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2. Getting there

Getting There & Away

The main arrival/departure points for flights in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region> are Frankfurt-am-Main, <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Munich</st1:City></st1:place> and Düsseldorf. Frankfurt is <st1:place w:st=«on»>Europe</st1:place>'s busiest airport after Heathrow. An airportdeparture tax of around US$5 is included in ticket prices. If you're already inEurope, it's generally cheaper to get to and from <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region> by train or bus. Whiletrain travel is often more expensive than catching a bus, it's generallyfaster, more comfortable (particularly for overnight travel) and moreefficient. <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region> is servedby an excellent highway system connected to the rest of <st1:place w:st=«on»>Western Europe</st1:place>. Roads from Eastern Europe are being upgraded but someborder crossings are a little slow, especially from <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Poland</st1:place></st1:country-region>. To enter <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region> with acar or motorbike, you must have third-party insurance. Ferries run between <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region>'s northern coast and Scandinavia and the<st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>UK</st1:place></st1:country-region>.

Getting Around

By train. Getting around <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>is easy. Domestic air travel is extensive but unless you're in an awful hurry,you might as well save your money — the German train network is wonderful. Therailway system enables everyone to travel comfortably to their destination.There are good connections to both distant and local areas. Airports (BerlinSchönefeld, Düsseldorf, <st1:City w:st=«on»>Munich</st1:City> and <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Stuttgart</st1:place></st1:City>) are alsomerged into this system. There are 60 different connections to the neighboringEuropean countries that originate daily in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>. The customs clearanceusually takes place on the train once it has left the station.

Theeastern and western train systems have now been fully merged, although fares inthe east are still cheaper. Numerous fares and ticket passes are available.There is usually a surcharge for the InterCity Express (ICE) trains but it'sworth it to travel 250km/h (155mph) through the German countryside. Forgetabout buses until you're in train-unfriendly terrain.

By bus. A European bus service completes the railway system. It offersspecial connections on particularly interesting routes to tourists. Informationregarding the bus system is also available in each travel agency.

Ajourney by bus will guarantee comfortable travelling. Enjoy andexperience towns and landscapes in a relaxing way. Lean back and enjoy the viewof diverse landscapes from large bus windows or visit one of Germany´sfamous towns.Get on and relax — once you are comfortably seated, yourwell-earned holidays will begin. Besides, you have chosen an environmentallyfriendly way of travelling.

Internationaler Bustouristik Verband e.V. (<a href=«www.rda.de/html/index.php?module=htmlpages&func=display&pid=»39">RDA),the international federation of bus tour operators, has set up a list ofoperators offering bus journeys. The list is set up according to the Lands ofthe Federal Republic of Germany and is available. Here you will find numerousjourneys based on particular themes, sightseeing tours and club tours. It isalso possible to set up your own journey in co-operation with the operator. Deutsche TouringGmbH offers attractive journeys on public service buses alongGermany´s touristic holiday routes.

TodayDeutsche Touring is one of the most important bus companies in <st1:place w:st=«on»>Europe</st1:place>. In cooperation with foreign partners, it providesregular international services linking over 700 cities throughout <st1:place w:st=«on»>Europe</st1:place>.Regional and urbanpublic transportation operators and associations offer a rich network ofshort distance bus trips.

By car. If you are travelling by car, an ultra-modern andefficient freeway network awaits you. Over 700 restaurants,gas stations, motels and kiosksare open day andnight to travellers driving across the approximately <st1:metricconverter ProductID=«11,000 km» w:st=«on»>11,000 km</st1:metricconverter> freeway networkof the <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Federal</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Republic</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>.

German roads are excellent, and motorised transport canbe a great way to tour the country, although most towns have problems withcar-parking. The national and famous motorway network known as autobahncan be wonderful and nightmare.

Bicycle touring in <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region></st1:place> is very popular. There areoften separate cycling routes in the cities, towns and in the countryside, butcycling on the autobahn is strictly not allowed.


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3. Accommodation in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>.

There is a wide variety of accommodationpossibilities in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>ranging from a private room to a vacation home up to a luxury hotel. There arealso lower priced lodgings available. Either way, standards are set and checkedso that you can expect a comfortable place to stay in every case. Hotel corporations andregional and local tourism organisationspublish their own accommodation directories. You can make room reservationsdirectly through the hotel chain reservation systems, hotel corporations, theairports and tourism organisations. Travel agencies also work closely withhotels.

More and more hotels and hotel chains in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region> areincluding youth specials into their programs. Special youth hostels and youthhotels have dedicated and specialised themselves to tourists needs. They caneven be accommodated close to the city centers. Vacation villages and vacationapartments are a good idea for spending more than one nightsomewhere. Tourists can also spend the night at one of more than 2000 camping sites or in one ofover 600 youth hostels. Bed & Breakfast is not just a Britishspeciality. Almost all tourist information points can find you a private roomon arrival and can sometimes even make advance reservations.
      Hotel rooms in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region> have awide selection of price ranges. You can stay overnight in luxury suites, roomsin middle class hotels or very inexpensive accommodation in smaller hotels.From <st1:City w:st=«on»>Flensburg</st1:City> to <st1:City w:st=«on»>Munich</st1:City>,from <st1:City w:st=«on»>Aachen</st1:City> to <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Dresden</st1:place></st1:City>, you can find hotels to fit yourneeds according to German hotelclassification standards. Hotels are classified based on a uniformcriteria and are categorised by a certain number of stars (i.e. **** =luxurious). Some of <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germanys</st1:place></st1:country-region>`finer hotels are Accor, ArabellaSheraton and Maritim

Camping & Caravaning

Whether staying in an RV trailer, motorhome or withinthe four walls of your tent, you can be right at home in any beautiful setting.For a few days or several weeks, delightful landscapes can be directly outsideyour front door. Relax in nature and recover from the hectic pace of everydaylife. <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>offers an abundance of camp sites in areas chosen for the incredible scenerythey possess, and their gates are open to everyone. For your vacation, you canchoose from sites located in more tourist areas or, for longer stays, get awayto more remote locations in the middle of the most gorgeous surroundings.<span Tahoma",«sans-serif»;mso-bidi-font-family:«Times New Roman»">

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Guesthouses & inns

Besides hotels in all categories, there is naturallyalso a variety of guesthouses and inns which can be found almost everywhere in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>. Theyoffer a good opportunity for enjoying a low-priced vacation in a familyatmosphere.

Youth hostels

The youthhostels in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>are open to all people, whether young or old. Suitable for short visits orlonger stays, hostels are ideal for many different types of people andactivities. Guests can include single people, families, tour groups, sportteams and youth groups. They come for everything from vacation camps to skitrips as well as conferences and seminars. The only requirement is that onemust be a member of the German Youth Hostel Association.

Vacation on a farm

The most beautiful time of the year is awaiting you right outsideyour door.  Vacation farm areas canprovide  with peaceful, unencumbereddays. Out in the country, you will find elements of life that you otherwise maynot experience. Instead of the hectic pace of everyday life that makes you feelunacknowledged, you encounter real hospitality in a warm, personal atmosphere.
       You will find yourself rejuvenatedin such a natural setting whether just walking outside, fishing, biking or horseback riding. There'sno end to the new experiences and discoveries you can make. The hosts of thefarm will spoil you with regional delicacies like fragrant fresh breads, home-madesausages and cheeses as well as wine and juices from own vineyards. Diverseleisure activities for both young and old round off the whole experience in thecountry.

Bed andBreakfast <span Tahoma",«sans-serif»; mso-bidi-font-family:«Times New Roman»">

A Bed and Breakfast istypically a lower-priced alternative to hotels and inns. Instead of staying inanonymous hotel beds, you sleep in cosy, private guest rooms. You are welcomedcordially by your hosts who offer a pleasant atmosphere in which to enjoy yourstay. In the morning, breakfast is prepared just for you according to yourtaste. Your hosts take a personal interest in helping you with providing tipsand information about the area, the country and the people.

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4. Where to go.4.1.Festivals

A) The Berlinale.

From its beginning in post war <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State>, the Berlinale was designed to be aninternational rather than a national film festival.
Over the years the festival has cemented its status as major European filmfestival and is easily as important as its competitors in <st1:City w:st=«on»>Venice</st1:City>and <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Cannes</st1:place></st1:City>.
The Golden and Silver Berlin bear and many honorary awards are muchsought-after.

B) Love parade in<st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State>

Germantechno guru Dr. Motte and 150 of his closer friends started the rave in 1989.They met at <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State>'s'Ku'damm' to celebrate a party and to demonstrate for tolerance and love.
Successfully: the mobile party attracts en-vogue DJs and an enthusiastic crowd.
Some facts: In 2000, the loveparade's busiest year to date, 250 DJs on 53wagons partied together with over a million guests.
Recently, <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Austria</st1:country-region>, <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Israel</st1:country-region>, <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>South Africa</st1:country-region> and <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Mexico</st1:place></st1:country-region> have joined the craze andorganised their own love parades.

C) Frankfurt's Bookfair

Frankfurta big player inglobal trade fair business. An annual average of 80 fairs and exhibitionsattract numerous visitors from all over the world.
One of the highlights is <st1:place w:st=«on»>Frankfurt</st1:place>'s bookfair. The biggest book fair worldwide dates back to the 15th century. Itspopularity has increased ever since.

Today, more than 250,000 annual visitors flood the fair.
The aim: information on a selection of the almost 400,000 books which are beingpresented. <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Readings</st1:place></st1:City>,talks, interviews and other side events offer additional incentives for aninterested public. Book industry, publishers, critics, readers and writersalike are under the spell of the biggest book fair world wide.

D) Carnival in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>

In Germany Mardi Gras ('Fasching') is alsoreferred to as the fifth and foolish season ('die närrische Zeit'). It isa time of elaborate parades, masks, balls and election of Carnival king andqueen and official madness.
The exact time of celebration and the traditions vary from county to county,but it generally takes place in early spring. <st1:City w:st=«on»>Munich</st1:City>,<st1:City w:st=«on»>Cologne</st1:City>, <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Mainz</st1:City></st1:place>  are strongholds of Mardi Gras celebrations.
<st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Switzerland</st1:country-region> and Austria,too, join the party with enthusiasm following their own traditions.
E) <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Munich</st1:place></st1:City>'s'Oktoberfest'

Even though it is called'Oktoberfest', the festival actually takes place in September, as Bavarianautumn can be tricky and surprise with early cold and snow. Today, the'Oktoberfest' is the largest festival worldwide attracting a multitude ofvisitors. Apart from beer tents the festival offers amusements as diverse asroller coasters, circus appearances, festive parades and live brass bands.
The ceremonial opening happens at noon. The mayor arrives in a festive coachfollowed by a decorated horse-drawn brewer's cart. Guests, staff and thenumerous brass bands are all wearing traditional costumes (lederhosen anddirndls) for the occasion. At the end of the parade the major taps the firstkeg of beer and shouts, «o'zapft is!» (The keg is tapped).
It takes good nerves and a solid stomach to survive the festivals 16 days ofintensive partying. However, the festival is a huge success: Apart fromattracting a multitude of visitors the festivals brand name 'Oktoberfest' hasbeen exported all over the world.

4.2. National Parks

A)The <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Jasmund</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>National Park</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>

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The <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Jasmund</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>National Park</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> offers manydifferent landscapes within a very small area. Come and visit a cretaceouslandscape with numerous bogs, wet grasslands and dry meadows. The most renownedattraction are the chalk cliffs surrounding the Königsstuhl which havebeen captured in paintings by the famous artist Caspar David Friedrich.

Apart from the Königsstuhl, the highest point onthe chalk coastline, the whole length of the chalk coastline is impressive. Itstretches over a length of <st1:metricconverter ProductID=«10 km» w:st=«on»>10 km</st1:metricconverter>, reaches a height of <st1:metricconverter ProductID=«117 m» w:st=«on»>117 m</st1:metricconverter> and consists of bothactive and inactive cliffs, illustrating the dynamics of an active steepcoastline.

The national park offers a wide range of activities,such as hiking and bicycle tours, excursions and seminars which give theopportunity to explore the most beautiful hiking trails through theregion´s forested landscapes.

The Stubnitz areais not just worth a visit because of its magical chalk landscape, it is alsothe home of mythical figures.
On guided tours, organised on a regular basis by the national parkadministration, you will find out everything about Hertha, a Germanic goddess,and Störtebecker, a pirate who is said to have buried treasure somewherein this area.

— Cape Arkona with the little town of Vitt
— the fishing port of Sassnitz with its fishing museum
— «Piratenschlucht» (pirate´s gorge) in Sassnitz
— Greifswald's museum with an exhibition of paintings by Caspar David Friedrich
— historic craftsmen's dwellings in Gingst
— Grümbke lookout tower near Neuenkirchen

Jasmund offers a wide range of guided tours (dailytours take place from April — September, both from the parking lot in <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Hagen</st1:City></st1:place> to theKönigsstuhl and from Sassnitz to the bizarre rock formations of«Wissower Klinken»).
Furthermore, you can visit numerous exhibitions (at the national parkvisitors´ center at the Königsstuhl and also at the Granitz huntinglodge near Sellin).
The biosphere reserve «South East Rügen» organises furtherhiking and bicycle tours, as well as<span Arial",«sans-serif»;mso-bidi-font-family: «Times New Roman»">

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B) The <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Wadden</st1:PlaceName><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Sea</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Hamburg</st1:place></st1:State> National Park

The Wadden Sea of Hamburg National Park, which is the smallest ofthree mud-flats national parks, is characterized by three islands:
«Neuwerk», widely covered with meadows and with a population of 40,«Scharhörn», with its sand dunes, and «Nigehörn»which has been created artificially. The island group is located directly atthe mouth of the river Elbe near <st1:City w:st=«on»>Cuxhaven</st1:City> innorthern <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region></st1:place>and protects a landscape of approximately <st1:metricconverter ProductID=«12,000 hectares» w:st=«on»>12,000 hectares</st1:metricconverter> ofwadden sea.

On guided tours you not only have the opportunity tolearn about the region´s landscape but also about the islands´historical background.
 On the way from Neuwerk toScharhörn you will walk along trails leading across seemingly endlessmud-flats. Scharhörn, which used to be a sandbank, is a tourist attractionmainly for its sea bird colonies. On a visit to the ornithological station youwill see one of the largest colonies of sea swallows.

— carriage ride across mud-flats from Sahlenburg tothe island of Neuwerk
— voyage with the MS «Flipper» from Cuxhaven to the island of Neuwerk
— guided walks across the Wadden sea
— guided tours to the bird colonies, salt marshes and wadden sea of Neuwerk
— guided tours to Scharhörn, the bird sanctuary
— searching for amber on the «Kleiner Vogelsand»
— amber exhibition on the island of Neuwerk

We recommend national park visitors on day trips totake a walk along the main dyke, from which you can see the foreshore with itsbird colonies but also the island´s interior. Cars are banned on theislands. For this reason tours, for example, to the fortified tower of the <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>island</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Neuwerk</st1:PlaceName></st1:place>, through the salt marshes of theforeshore with their abundance of flora and fauna, or to the«Ostschleuse» lock, can either be made on foot or by horse-drawncarriage.

C)The <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Wadden</st1:PlaceName><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Sea</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Lower</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Saxony</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>National Park</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>

Make atrip to one of the most impressive wadden sea landscapes. High up, in northern <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region>, at the North Sea coast of <st1:place w:st=«on»>Lower Saxony</st1:place>, the Wadden Sea of Lower Saxony NationalPark is located. It protects the wadden seas landscape between the river Emsand the river Elbe, including the offshore <st1:place w:st=«on»>East Frisian Islands</st1:place>. The national park offers amazing natural spectacles andvarious landscapes, such as salt-marshes, which are typical of this region, thesteep coast near Dangast and the «swimming bog» near <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Sehestedt</st1:City>, <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region></st1:place>'sonly remaining bog landscape located outside the country's dykes

— Wadden Sea House in Wilhelmshaven
— Norddeich seal station
— Lightship and whale-bone fence on the <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>island</st1:PlaceType>of <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Borkum
— Fisherman</st1:PlaceName>'s <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>House</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Museum</st1:PlaceType> on the <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>island</st1:PlaceType>of <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Norderney
— Dornumsiel</st1:PlaceName> Castle, surrounded by water
— <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>German</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Shipping</st1:PlaceName><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Museum</st1:PlaceType> in Bremerhaven
— Old lighthouse on the <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>island</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Wangerooge</st1:PlaceName></st1:place>

The surrounding area offers a wide range ofsightseeing opportunities, such as the <st1:place w:st=«on»>East Frisian islands</st1:place> of Juist and Norderney. Whether you want to go swimmingand enjoy the broad beaches, take a ride in a carriage across the island or awalk through the salt-marshes, the national park´s recreation and leisureprogram will guarantee a lot of fun and relaxation.

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D) The <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Wadden</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Sea</st1:PlaceType> of Schleswig-<st1:place w:st=«on»>Holstein</st1:place>National Park

Welcome to the Wadden Sea of Schleswig-Holstein National Park, the largest national park in central <st1:place w:st=«on»>Europe</st1:place>.One third of Schleswig-Holstein belongs to the world´s largestuninterrupted wadden sea landscape, which reaches from the North Sea coast ofthe <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Netherlands</st1:country-region> up to <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Denmark</st1:place></st1:country-region>. Thewadden sea, a stretch of land affected by tides, are flooded by sea waterduring high tide and remain dry during low tide, a unique phenomenon worldwide.Experience an oceanic landscape as near to nature as it can be, with dunes,beaches, salt-marshes and «Halligen», small islands which are notprotected by dykes and therefore become flooded whenever there is a spring tideor a heavy storm.

Experiencedguides will show the amazing spectacle of low and high tide. You can watch how,after six hours of low tide, the wadden sea become flooded again and the deep,artificially constructed furrows — called 'Priele' — fill with water. Whetheryou go swimming in the sea, take a walk along the beach or over the mud-flats,join a boat tour or watch the birds in the salt-marshes — your holiday in the WaddenSea of Schleswig-Holstein National Park will definitely be relaxing, for bothbody and soul.

— Multimar Wattforum in Tönning,a national park center
— Husum, with its old river port and museums
— ride in a carriage to the Südfall Hallig
— guided hiking tour across the mud-flats
— Nordstrand tourist information center with its aquarium
— Friedrichskoog seal station

One of many possible sightseeing opportunities is atrip to the small fishing villages which belong to the national park. You canalso go on a boat tour to the seal banks and observe a unique and fascinatinganimal spectacle.

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4.3.Routs in <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>.

 <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:country-region w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:country-region></st1:place>’s first “Vacation Routes”and “Scenic Routes” date back to 1927, each carving a path dedicated to aparticular cultural or scenic theme. Today, some 150 such routes exist, andmillions of people travel them annually. Discover <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region> along the “<st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>German Castle Road</st1:address></st1:Street>,”“<st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>German Fairytale Road</st1:address></st1:Street>,”or the most famous, the “<st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Romantic Road</st1:address></st1:Street>.” Whatever your interest, our Scenic Routeswill guide you on a fun and exciting vacation.

A)<span Times New Roman""> 

The “<st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Romantic Road</st1:address></st1:Street>.”

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Wuerzburg<st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Residence</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Palace</st1:PlaceType>

<span Times New Roman",«serif»;color:black">In everytraveler's life, there are never-to-be-forgotten moments. One of them is thetransformation that begins at the exit from the A-7 Autobahn, where you enterthe <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Romantic Road</st1:address></st1:Street>.One of the most famous of the German Vacation Routes wends its way fromWuerzburg to Fuessen.

The <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Romantic Road</st1:address></st1:Street> is a 220-mile journey fromthe River Main to the Alps that offers the traveler what is simply one of themost beautiful and most engaging melange of scenery, cuisine and ambience <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region> canoffer.

It's all gorgeous — the stunning WuerzburgResidence Palace, the centuries-old panorama and magical atmosphere ofRothenburg-ob-der-Tauber and Dinkelsbühl, the Roman remains in Augsburg,Bavarian King Ludwig II's unforgettable dream- castle ofNeuschwanstein.


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<st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Castle</st1:PlaceType>of <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Neuschwanshtein</st1:PlaceName></st1:place>

Wherever travellers find themselveson the <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Romantic Road</st1:address></st1:Street>,exceptional cuisine, delicious wines, glorious land- and city-scapes, castles, churches and fortresses inspire theappetite and the soul. Here, in one of the most charming and beautiful sectionsof <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>,even the most cynical and unromantic traveler cannot help but be seduced.

B) The Classic route.

Whetherwe pass through <st1:City w:st=«on»>Erfurt</st1:City>, <st1:City w:st=«on»>Weimar</st1:City>,<st1:City w:st=«on»>Jena</st1:City> or <st1:City w:st=«on»>Gotha</st1:City>,names such as Goethe, Schiller, Wagner and Strauss always linger on any tripthrough the «green heart of <st1:country-region w:st=»on"><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>".
     The town of <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Eisenach</st1:place></st1:City> is known as the home of the«Wartburg», the castle once inhabited by the famous Martin Luther. Itis also, however, the city of minstrels and birthplace of Johann SebastianBach, whose history can be traced in the local «Bach House» museum. <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Eisenach</st1:place></st1:City> is a medievaltown which both Goethe and Wagner liked to visit, and it is a joy to wanderthrough the splendid forest landscapes of this area.

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Wartburg castle

Along theclassic route, <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Gotha</st1:place></st1:City>is also worth a visit. The "<st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Friedenstein</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Palace</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>" and annualevents such as the «Ekhof Festival» all contribute to give the town aunique touch. In Arnstadt, we reach «the gateway to the <st1:place w:st=»on"><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Forest</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Thuringia</st1:PlaceName></st1:place>".
Excursions to the «Wachsenburg Fortress», «Gleichen CastleRuins» and «Mühlburg Ruins» are highly recommended.

Next stop is <st1:City w:st=«on»>Weimar</st1:City>,"<st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>European</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Cultural</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>City</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>1999", which links  to Goethe andSchiller. Besides «Goethe's residence», his «summer-house on theIlm» and the «German National Theater», the "<st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Goethe</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>National</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Museum</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>" represents aspecial attraction in the city. Not far from <st1:City w:st=«on»>Weimar</st1:City>is a town called <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Jena</st1:place></st1:City>,known foremost for the work and life of Friedrich Schiller and which hastherefore become a popular destination.
С) The Castle Road

Historical places and charming countryside with many romanticfortresses and fairy tale castles make the <st1:metricconverter ProductID=«975 km» w:st=«on»>975 km</st1:metricconverter> long castle routefrom <st1:City w:st=«on»>Mannheim</st1:City> to <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Prague</st1:City></st1:place> a varied route. The glory of time'spast still has an effect today on many towns and villages.
      The countrysideis as varied as the history. The river <st1:place w:st=«on»>Neckar</st1:place>winds its way through the Odenwald, the Hohenloher Ebene seems to stretchendlessly into the distance, next the rolling Frankenhöhe and then thenorthern part of so-called Franconian Switzerland. The legacy of the artlovingElectors of the Palatinate can still be admired in towns such as <st1:City w:st=«on»>Mannheim</st1:City>, <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Heidelberg</st1:place></st1:City>or Schwetzingen.

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 <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Ludwigsburg</st1:PlaceName><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Castle</st1:PlaceType>                                       <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Schwerin</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Castle</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>
On the tracks of the Palatinate Earls, Mosbach, Neckarzimmern or Bad Wimpfenare certainly well worth a visit, with their picturesque old town centres andromantic halftimbered houses. Near Heilbronn the route passes throughwinegrowing areas, the medieval free city of Nuremberg and the vererable townsof Rothenburg o. d. Tauber, Coburg, Kronach, Kulmbach, Bayreuth right throughto Karlsbad and Marienbad, the famous spa towns, to eventually reach Prague,the capital of the Czech Republic.

All these towns with their 70 fortresses, ruins and castles line thecastle route like many pearls in a row and present themselves as impressivewitnesses to the past. Medieval towns, monasteries, historic buildings andcultural treasures make sure the journey along the castle route becomes aspecial and varied experience.

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5. AJourney to <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:State w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:State></st1:place>

The might and scope of Prussian achievement is manifest in <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:State w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:State></st1:place>,one of the world's most fascinating and troubling cities. Of strategicimportance since it first straddled the <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Spree</st1:PlaceName><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>River</st1:PlaceType> in the 13th century, <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State> never hogged centrestage quite like it did this century. This is the heart of <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>, itsstoic beat echoing through grand public buildings, glorious museums andtheatres, and its urbane restaurants, bustling pubs and raucous nightclubs.Today, the city, restored as the nation's capital, is the focus of the mammothproject of reunification and readings of <st1:country-region w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>'s mood are taken mostaccurately here.

<st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State>is a good city to explore on foot. Take time to stroll fromAlexanderplatz to the Brandenburg Gatealong Unter den Linden. The nearby Kulturforum is a cluster of museums andconcert halls on the south-eastern side of Tiergarten that can take days toexplore.

5.1.Accommodation in <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State>

Duringthe cultural festivals? Trade fairs and conferences? Hotels are totally bookedup. The flood of tourists has increased since the opening of the wall. Unlessyou have alternative accommodation, a spur-of-the-moment trip to <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State> can be marred byan unpleasant or futile search for a hotel room. Reservations made severalweeks in advance are definitely recommended.

Luxury Hotels

1.<span Times New Roman"">  

Bristol Hotel Kempinski(Kurfurstendamm27) – The epitomy of traditional luxury

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2. Grand Hyatt <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State>

In the new heart of <st1:State w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:State>at Potsdamer Platz, the modern design hotel Grand Hyatt <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State> is adjacent to restaurants, shoppingarcades, a casino and the city's main musical theatre. The PhilharmonicTheatre, New National Gallery and Picture Gallery are located in the immediateneighbourhood; the Government District, the city park Tiergarten and <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State>'s greatestcultural treasures are within walking distance. The city train and subwaystations at Potsdamer Platz are nearby, and <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Tegel</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>International</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Airport</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> is 9.4 miles/15kilometres from the hotel.

3.Grand Hotel Esplanade ( Lutzowufer 15)  — The modern, polished design emphasises functional luxury. Centrallylocated between the Kurfurstendammm, Unter den Linden and Potsdamer Platz,opposite the <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Tiergarten</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Park</st1:PlaceType>, this designer hotel captures the spirit ofcontemporary <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Berlin</st1:place></st1:State>in a sophisticated setting. The hotel offers flexible and attractive conferenceand banqueting rooms for up to 450 people. Hotel room have bathroom, WC,telephone, fax, modem-connection, radio, TV, safe, minibar, sound insulation,air conditioning, restaurants, 2 bars, swimming pool, whirlpool, 3 saunas,solarium, beauty center, massage, fitness center, hairdressing salon, 6conference rooms for up to 450 persons, garage parking, and conference boat.The “Esplanade” is a 5-star boat available for conferences, parties and privatecelebrations. Room facilities: Air conditioning, Minibar, Radio, Safe,Satellite TV, Sound insulation, Telephone with modem-connection.

4. Inter-Continental (Budapester strasse 2) – the largest hotel intown. Famous for its luxury.

5.PalaceHotel (Budapester strasse 45)

 This luxury 5-star city hotel presents 282individually decorated rooms, including 32 suites about 55 — 225 sqm. Cable TV,refrigerated mini bar, trouser press, soundproofed windows and further extrasbelong to our standard. Its suites are appointed with marble bathrooms,exclusive hifi, as well as whirlpool and large dressing rooms. The elegantbanqueting floors offer 12 different function rooms that can be extended toaccommodate 10 — 700 persons as well as 5 banquet rooms in the adjoining BusinessCentre. Breakfast restaurant «Bon Dia»

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