Реферат: Disneyland

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<st1:place w:st=«on»><span Arial Black",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Disneyland

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                                            “What I want <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> to be

                                      the most of all is a happy place – a

                                      place where adults and children can

                                       experience togethersome of   the

                                      wonders of life. Of adventure, and

                                      feel better because of it. ”

                                                       Walt Disney

      <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place>is a thousand different impressions – from a space  flight

to a castle – a  carrousel  calliope to  a  jazz band.  It’s  flovers  and

fireworks, popcorn and ice cream. And it’s the sounds of  laughter and  the

sight of smiling faces – sights and sounds which you’ll rememberlong  after

your day in the land of the young and happy at heart is over.

<st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Main</st1:City>Street, <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>U.S.A.</st1:country-region></st1:place>

      Walk past the famous floralMickey at the Main  Entrance  and into  a

small town way of life from <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:country-region w:st=«on»>America</st1:country-region></st1:place>’s past. On <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Main</st1:City> Street,  <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>U.S.A.</st1:country-region></st1:place>,  you’ll

see sights and sounds from a time when life was as leisurely as  a ride  on

Horse-drawn Street Car and as innocent as  the antics  of  a  silent  movie

ster. Browse  in  the turn-of-the-centuy  Emporium  or ride   the   shiny

<st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place>Railroad. From the color andmusic of a hometown  parade  to  the

nostalgic flavor of an old-fashioned treat, you'’l  experience the  joy  of

recalling fond memories while you create new  ones on  <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Main  Street</st1:address></st1:Street>,  where

both sides of the street are always sunny.

      Whether your visions  of sugarplums  include  lollipops or  luscious

chocolates, your sweet toot is right at home on  <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Main  street</st1:address></st1:Street>  where treats

come flavored with favorite childhood memories.

      A fruit vendor’s cartdisplays fresh,crisp wares while  flovers  bloom

eveywhere. The saxophone bandentertains on street corners  and  a marching

band makes you tap your toes. Every sight  and  sound on  <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Main  Street</st1:address></st1:Street>  is

guaranteed to make you fell “red, white, and blue ” all over!

      Entertainment on <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Main Street</st1:address></st1:Street> comesin lots of shapes,  sizes,  styles,

and smiles. Disney cartoons at  the  Main  Stret  Cinema  serve up  hearty

helpings of laughter, while shops like the Crystal  Arcade offer  keepsakes

to treasure. Or learn a magic trick or two at the Main  Street Magic  Shop.

Just remember – on <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Main Street</st1:address></st1:Street> fun comes the old-fashioned way  – you  make


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<st1:place w:st=«on»><span Arial Black",«sans-serif»; mso-ansi-language:EN-US">Disneyland

</st1:place><span Arial Black",«sans-serif»;mso-ansi-language:EN-US">'s History

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One day Walt Disney had a vision. It was a vision of a place wherechildren and parents could have fun together. The more Walt dreamed of a«magical park,» the more imaginative and elaborate it became.

The original plans for the park were on <st1:metricconverter ProductID=«8 acres» w:st=«on»>8 acres</st1:metricconverter> next to the <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Burbank</st1:place></st1:City> studios where hisemployees and families could go to relax. Although, World War II put thoseplans on hold. During the war, Walt had time to come up with new ideas, andcreations for his magical park. It was soon clear that <st1:metricconverter ProductID=«8 acres» w:st=«on»>8 acres</st1:metricconverter> wouldn't be enough.


 Finally in 1953, he had theStanford Research Institute conduct a survey for a 100-acre site, outside of <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Los Angeles</st1:place></st1:City>. He neededspace to build rivers, waterfalls, and mountains; he would have flyingelephants and giant teacups;a fairy-tale castle, moonrockets, and a scenic railway; all inside a magic kingdom he called "<st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place>."

Location was a top priority. The property would have to be within the <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Los Angeles</st1:place></st1:City> metropolitanarea, and accessible by freeway. It would also have to be affordable: Walt'spockets were only so deep.

The search for the best spot finally ended in the rural <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Anaheim</st1:City>, <st1:State w:st=«on»>California</st1:State></st1:place>with a purchase of a 160-acre orange grove near the junction of the Santa AnaFreeway (I-5) and <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Harbor Boulevard</st1:address></st1:Street>.

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Thesite where <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> was to be built.

Although, <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> was expensive.Walt once said «I could never convince the financiers that <st1:place w:st=»on">Disneyland</st1:place> was feasible, because dreams offer too littlecollateral." So Walt turned to Television for his financial support.«Walt Disney's <st1:place w:st=»on">Disneyland</st1:place>"television series offered a glimpse of the future project. This brought theidea of <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> into reality for Walt andthe American people.

Construction for <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> began onJuly 21, <st1:metricconverter ProductID=«1954, a» w:st=«on»>1954, a</st1:metricconverter>meager 12 months before the park was scheduled to open. From that day forwardWalt Disney's life would never be the same.

Some 160-acres of citrus trees had been cleared and 15 houses moved tomake room for the park. The area was in semi-rural <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Orange</st1:PlaceName><st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>County</st1:PlaceType>, near a freeway that wouldeventually stretch from <st1:City w:st=«on»>San Diego</st1:City> to <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Vancouver</st1:place></st1:City>.

When the real designing came around, Walt was met with inevitablequestions. How do you make believable wild animals, that aren't real? How doyou make a <st1:State w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Mississippi</st1:place></st1:State>paddle ship? How do you go about building a huge castle in the middle of <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Anaheim</st1:City>, <st1:State w:st=«on»>California</st1:State></st1:place>?So, Walt Disney looked to his movie studio staff for the answers. The design of<st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> was something never done before.There would be five uniquely different lands.    

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Walt discussing the plans of all the different lands.

Walt had planed out all the lands, to every detail. <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:City w:st=«on»>Main</st1:City> Street, <st1:country-region w:st=«on»>U.S.A.</st1:country-region></st1:place>,the very front of the park, was where Walt wanted to relive the typical turn ofthe century city <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Main Street</st1:address></st1:Street>.He said:

«Forthose of us who remember the carefree time it recreates, <st1:Street w:st=»on"><st1:address w:st=«on»>Main Street</st1:address></st1:Street> will bring back happymemories. For younger visitors, it is an adventure in turning back the calendarto the days of grandfather's youth."

Walt made Main Street U.S.A the entrance to a «weenie,» as hecalled it. He said:

«Whatyou need is a weenie, which says to people 'come this way.' People won't godown a long corridor unless there's something promising at the end. You have tohave something the beckons them to 'walk this way.'»

Walt also had planed for an «exotic tropical place» in a«far-off region of the world.» Called Adventureland.Walt said, «To create a land that would make this dream reality, wepictured ourselves far from civilization, in the remote jungles of Asia and <st1:place w:st=»on">Africa</st1:place>."

Frontierlandwas made to relive thepioneer days of the American frontier. Walt said:

«Allof us have a cause to be proud of our country's history, shaped by thepioneering spirit of our forefathers.. .Our adventures are designed to giveyou the feeling of having lived, even for a short while, during our country'spioneer days.»

Fantasylandwascreated with the goal to «make dreams come true» from the lyrics of«When You Wish Upon a Star.» Walt said:

«What youngster.. .has not dreamed of flying with Peter Pan overmoonlit <st1:City w:st=»on">London</st1:City>, or tumbling into <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Alice</st1:place></st1:City>'s nonsensicalWonderland? In Fantasyland, these classic stories of everyone's youth havebecome realities for youngsters-of all ages-to participate in."

Fantasyland would feature a large <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Sleeping</st1:PlaceName><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Beauty</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Castle</st1:PlaceType>,and a <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Fantasy</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Village</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>.

Tomorrowlandwas created as a look at the«marvels of the future.» Walt said:

«Tomorrowcan be a wonderful age. Our scientists today are opening the doors of the SpaceAge to achievements that will benefit our children and generations to come...The Tomorrowland attractions have been designed togive you an opportunity to participate in adventures that are a livingblueprint of our future.»

Although, Walt had trouble working on Tommorrowland.He said that «right when we do Tommorrowland, itwill be out dated.»

Walt Stayed close to every detail of the Park's Construction, and hevisited the site in <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>Anaheim</st1:place></st1:City>several times a week. Progress went sporadically despite exasperatingobstacles.

The Rivers of America, carved out of sandy citrus grove soil, refused tohold water. The answer was finally found in a bed of native clay: an inch layeron the river bottom formed a pad as hard as cement. Although, minor set backsdid follow, progress did continue.

Plants were planted throughout the park, emptying nurseries from <st1:City w:st=«on»>Santa Barbara</st1:City> to <st1:City w:st=«on»><st1:place w:st=«on»>San Diego</st1:place></st1:City>. Detail was made; if Walt Disney didn't likewhat his studio designers came up with, he'd do it himself. An example of thisis <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Tom</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Sawyers</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Island</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>.He thought his designers had «misunderstood the idea» so Walt tookhome the plans and the next day had it designed the way it appears today.  

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<st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place>under construction in 1955

Bit by bit, <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> got ready forOpening Day. The staff worked around the clock to get ready. The Mark Twain wasbeing moved, deck by deck, down the <st1:City w:st=«on»>Santa Ana</st1:City>freeway to get to <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> on time. Finally,everything seemed to come together. The «magical little park» wasreally a $17,000,000 "<st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Magic</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Kingdom</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>." Walt'sdream had come true and <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> was readyto open."

Opening day, was a day to remember. Six thousand invitations to theGrand Opening had been mailed. By mid-afternoon over 28,000 ticket holders werestorming the <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Magic</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Kingdom</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>. Most of thetickets were counterfeit.

Walt Disney was 53 when he dedicated <st1:place w:st=«on»><st1:PlaceName w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType w:st=«on»>Park</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>.It was a memorable ceremony. There in <st1:Street w:st=«on»><st1:address w:st=«on»>Town Square</st1:address></st1:Street>, Walt could look around and see thefulfillment of his hopes, dreams, and ambitions in the form of a spectacularentertainment kingdom.

Although, Opening Day was a terrible disaster. A 15 day heat wave raisedtemperatures up to 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Also, due to a plumbers strike, fewwater fountains were operating in the hot weather. Asphalt still steaming,because it had been laid the night before, literality «trapping» highheeled shoes. After opening day, the heat wave continued, and almost wiped outthe park.

Beside the terrible opening day conditions, the park did eventually pickup. By 1965, ten years after opening day, 50 Million visitors had come throughthe gates.

Even though Walt Disney wasn't able to see how his park and his companyprospered and grew into the 21st Century, his legacy still lives on with us.Throughout <st1:place w:st=«on»>Disneyland</st1:place> and throughout theentire world, he will always be there.

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