Реферат: Все о России

   Our school is very big. It’s a modern three storiedbuilding of  typical design.   

We do quite a lot of subjects atschool.  They are: Physics, Math­ematics, Biology, Literature, Rus­sian,English, History of this country and many other subjects. It is ratherdifficult to go to school when a school-leaver, we have so much to do. I knowthat all the subjects are important and they all must be paid much attentionto, but still I didn't like exact sciences. I spend much time on doing them athome. How­ever hard I tried all those formulas and definitions were mixed up inmy head and I couldn't make it out af­ter all. So I had nothing to do but sitfor two or three hours swotting Physics, Chemistry and Maths. My favouritesubjects are Lite­rature, History, English. Most of all I like English. I readEnglish books, try to translate some articles from the newspaper «MoscowNews» from English into Russian and vice versa. I have some English booksand they are of great help to me when I study English grammar and do someexercises. At our English lesson we read quite a lot of dull texts from ourtextbooks. But in my view, written texts and text­books are not important. Thebest way to improve your language skills and habits is to work at a languagelaboratory. I spend plenty of time listening to the tapes, imitating the soundsand intonations of the na­tive speakers of English. I am working hard at mypronunciation because my teacher said that it was my weak point. I decided totake my entrance exams to the Institute because I want to know English.Nowadays it's im­possible to do without forcing lan­guages. Besides one can'tbe a learned and well-educated person if one doesn't know at least one foreignlanguage.

Protection of Environment    Since ancient times Nature has served Man, being the source of his life. Forthousands of years people lived in harmony -with environment. But with thedevelopment of civi­lization man's interference with na­ture began to increase.    Large cities with thousands of smoky industrial enterprises appear all over theworld today. They pol­lute the air we breathe, the water we drink, the land welive in. Many cities suffer from smog. Vast fo­rests are cut and burn in fire.     As a result some rare kinds of animals, birds, fish and plants disap­pearforever, a number of rivers and lakes dry up.      Environmental protection is a universal concern. That is why serious measuresto create a system of ecological security should be taken.      Some progress has been already made in this direction. As many as 159 countries— members of the UNO (Union of Nations Organizations) — have set upenvironmental protection agencies.      Numerous conferences have been held by these agencies to dis­cuss questions ofecologically poor regions including the Aral Sea, the South Urals, Kuzbass,Donbass, Semipalatinsk and Chernobyl. An international environmental re­searchcentre has been set up on Lake Baikal. The international organizationGreenpeace is also do­ing much to keep the environ­ment.      The Earth is our home. We must take care of it for next generations andourselves.

Russian holidays

There are datesand events in the life of this our country that are memorable to every Russiancitizen. The dates of this kind are: Victory Day, May Day, Constitution Day,the Women'sDay, Independence Day. These are national holidays, peopledo not work on these days. The most memorable date is the Victory Day which iskept on the 9-th of May.  On this Day we celebrate the anniversary of thevictory over fascism in the World War II. May Day is regarded as the day ofsolidarity of the workers of the world. This day commemorates the tragic eventsof the years 1884— 1888 in Chicago when workers were fighting for their rights.The Women'sDay, celebrated on the 8-th of March, is like Mother'sDayin Great Britain. On this day you can see many men buying or carryingflowers. Children give their moth­ers presents, or send them postcard if theyare away from home. Recently new national holidays have appeared. They are ofreligious origin. They are: Christmas and Eas­ter. In Russia Christmas is cele­bratedon the 7-th of January. In Eu­rope and in the USA it is marked on December 25.0n Christmas people celebrate the birth of Jesus Christ. Easter symbolizes theResur­rection of Jesus Christ. Children like this holiday for traditionalbrightly painted boiled eggs and special Easter cakes. Easter cakes are sold atevery bakery, but home-made ones are always much tastier.

There is one moreholiday which is loved by everybody: chil­dren and adults. This is New Year'sEve. People decorate New Year trees with toys and lights and believe that amiracle is a must on this day. 0n the New Year night people go to dancing,visit their friends or stay at home and watch TV. It's my favourite holiday.

Sport in Our Life

 People all over the world are fond ofsports and games.  Sport makes people healthy, keeps them fit, more organizedand better dis­ciplined. Some people go in for sports for their health and somefor professional aims.

There are manystadiums, sport grounds, swimming pools, foot­ball fields in each town.  Practi­callyall kinds of sports are popular in this country but football, figure-skatingand tennis enjoy the great­est popularity. A lot of people are fond of jogging. In the morning and in the evening we can see people jogging in the parks,stadiums and even in the streets. In every school pupils spend much time goingin for sports. First of all they have their physical training lessons. And whenschool is over they may train at different sports clubs and sections indifferent kinds of sport.

  Professional sport is also paid much attention to inthis country. Every year there are a lot of sport competitions, sport day andOlympiads. 0nce in four years the Olympic Games take place in dif­ferentcountries.

  There are Summer and Win­ter Olympic Games. This isa great sport competition of the best sportsmen in the world.

  As for me I go in for table tennis (Ping-Pong). Itneeds mo­bility, liveliness and much energy. It keeps a person in a good form.I have been playing tennis for five years, but the more I play the more I likeit.

                   Moscow, theCapital of Russia

    Moscow is thecapital of Russia. It is the a main political, economic, educational andcultural centre of this country. Moscow is the seat of our Government.President of Russia lives and works there.

    Moscow issituated on the Moskva river. The city was founded more than 800 years ago byYuri Dolgoruki. There are many places of inte­rest in our capital. The heart ofMoscow is Red Square. The Mos­cow Kremlin and St. Basil's Cathe­dral aremasterpieces of Russian ar­chitecture. For those who are fond of art the bestplace to visit is the Tretyakov Gallery or the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts..The Gal­lery contains hundreds of master­pieces not only of Russian art butalso of many other countries.

      Moscow isproud of the Bolshoi, Maly and Art theatres. Moscow is a scientific centre,too. The Academy of Sciences of Russia, the oldest university, many schools ofhigher education, colleges and sci­entific institutions are located there.

      Moscow is a verybeautiful city. It has a great number of green parks, large squares and«wide streets. There are lots of museums and the­atres, cinemas andexhibitions in Mos­cow.  Many concerts, shows, festi­vals, presentations takeplace every day in our capital.

      Moscow isthe largest city in Russia and one of the largest cities in the world. Morethan 8 million people live and work there. There are very many plants andfactories in Moscow that produce motor cars, TVsets, watches, toys and othergoods.

Four airportsconnect Moscow with other parts of our country and many other countries of theworld.

       There are9 railway stations in Moscow. People from all parts of the world want to visitthis beauti­ful city. I have been to Moscow many times and I am proud of mycapital.

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