Реферат: A Balanced Budget Essay Research Paper A
A Balanced Budget? Essay, Research Paper
A Balanced Budget?
This year President Clinton will submit his proposed legislation for the
Federal Budget to Congress. The fact that we have divided government (ex.,
Democratic President, Republican majority in Congress) means the majority of
that legislation won’t make it through the first ten minutes of a Congressional
session. The President in turn will veto legislation presented to him by
Congress. The whole situation is a vicious, never ending circle. Each side is
looking out for their own best interests, and after years, even decades of this
the United States has a huge budget deficit. Is there a solution to all this
madness? Is it feasible to balance the Federal Budget? Every politician on
Capitol Hill claims to have the answer. The Federal Government goes as far to
employ some of the most renowned economist’s in the world to try to solve the
deficit mess, and they still haven’t figured it out.
The budget simulation exercise by The Committee for a Responsible
Federal Budget provided choices Congress has to use as its guide for the
upcoming year. How hard can it be to balance the budget I thought? After doing
the exercised I realized the title of the simulation exercise, “The FY 1997
Budget: An Exercise in Hard Choices,” could not have been more appropriate. It
is possible though to balance the Federal Budget, provided you follow 3 simple
rules. First you must decide what you feel is important, then cut without
consciousness, and if that doesn’t work, alter your baseline.
When deciding on what I thought was important to protect in the budget,
I felt like a politician myself. I protected my own self interests. First up was
Defense. The fact that I am in the Marine Officer Program weighed heavily on my
decision to increase Defense spending by 17.6 billion (all amounts in billions,
unless noted), following the Congressional Budget Resolution. The President’s
plan just didn’t provide enough capital, the Congressional Black
Caucus/Progressive Caucus would basically wipe out my career before it even
starts, and I just can not have that. Next up is Education. Without the direct
student loan program, I would have no way to fund my education other than going
to some bank and going through the demeaning process of begging a loan officer
to lend me money for school. I feel a sense of loyalty to the President on this
issue, because without this program I would still be doing concrete construction
back home in Indiana. As a result, I voted to increase Educational spending
33.4.My other concern or problem area is Administration of Justice. Crime is way
out of control in this country. There has to be an end. I voted to increase
spending 23.6, opting for the President’s budget because it provides enough
capital to temporarily combat the problem. You might be thinking, wow this fool
just increased the deficit by 74.6, but unless are borders are protected, are
children educated, and until we can feel safe in our homes at night, this
country won’t realize it’s potential.
International & Domestic Spending
At this point, the deficit stands at 883.6 (809 billion beginning +
current spending). It is time to cut the waste. First, International Affairs
requires attention. Does the United States really need to fund every country’s
struggle? I don’t think so, so I agree with the Budget Resolution Conference
Agreement (BRCA), and I vote to cut 12.4.
Next on the list, General Science, Space and Technology. I vote to
discontinue the Space Station Program. As the report says, scientists have lost
interest so why keep funding it. Another 11.2 by the wayside.
The Energy issue is a complex one, but nevertheless the DOE has to go.
The DOE is a bureaucracy of waste. The DOE has several institutions doing the
same research. By Eliminating the DOE as a go-between, money and time saved. The
BRCA proposal is more beneficial to my pursuit of a balanced budget, eliminating
Natural Resources are a touchy subject, but in order to balance the
budget, everyone has to chip in. By charging the fair market value for natural
resources, 21 billion saved.
Agriculture is essential, but it is not necessary to increase salaries
and expenses of Farm Service Agency employees, which the President’s budget
does… The BRCA cuts 4.1.
Commerce and Housing Credit, another huge buearucracy, has to go. By
eliminating the Department of Commerce, and by broadening FCC Authority to
Auction Licenses, total saving equals 10.4.
Transportation is another touchy subject, what with all the airline
tragedies and train crashes. This subject is constantly in the news. Terminating
the Federal Transit Administration and leaving the states to be responsible for
funding, 23 billion saved. Also by reducing or eliminating other Transport
Subsidies I save another 6.2.
Community and Regional Development are an issue I have never really
given much consideration to, but with the spending I did earlier, I need to make
cuts. The BRCA cuts the most. I propose to follow their legislation cutting 21.5.
Health was in the news when Clinton was first elected. I liked his
rhetoric then, and although I need to make cuts, I stand by his proposal of 45.3.
even though it is only half of what the BRCA proposes to do this is a very
sensitive area of policy, and cutting to much could mean reelection.
What about Medicare? To play it safe, I went with the BRCA proposal
because it reforms Comprehensive Medicare, just not as much as the President’s
Proposal. The CBO Illustrative Comprehensive Options were a brief and passing
thought, but overall I believe they hurt Medicare more than either of the other
two proposals. Saving equates to 182.6.
As far as Income Security goes, I recommend following the BRCA proposal.
Their proposal cuts 45.4, so for those people on welfare, get out and get a job.
Social Security is a sore topic for many individuals. I would propose
cutting Social Security completely, but that wasn’t an option. Why should I pay
for something I’ll never get anything out of. Forced to choose some kind of cuts,
I suggest first skipping one COLA for One Year, a saving’s of 57.9. By Reducing
the Replacement Rate Within Each Bracket of Social Security I am able to save an
Something I failed to realize earlier, Veterans Benefits and Services.
This is something I might one day need based on my career aspirations. I chose
to go with the BRCA because it increases the Presidents budget in categories
such as medical care and medical research. Total saving amounts to 9.4 billion.
With the Federal Compensation and General Government portion of the
budget, I thought it to be a bad idea in cutting pay to government employees. If
I were a Member of Congress, I could consider myself blacklisted. Also I one day
hope to be a government employee via the military. I propose Reducing COLAS to
Middle or High Income Retirees, saving 11 billion. I also would raise Employee
Contributions. By doing so, it only benefits these same employees in the future
when they retire, and it also allows me to trim an additional 12.4 off of the
As for means testing, I chose to reduce this area by opting for
Reduction of Benefits to Middle and High Income Families. Families with an
annual income of $40,000 really don’t need help. I chose to not cut anything
else, but I was able to do 303.3 in damage to the deficit.
Going into Revenues, I have saved 793.9 billion, but still the budget
remains unbalanced. Here, I decided to tax imported oil, saving 62.5. Next,
taxing Toxic Water Pollutants as well as levying an Excise Tax on Air Pollutants
nets an additional 170.7. Also by increasing tobacco taxes to 48 cents per pack
netted 22.3. As for a running total, 1048.7 billion remains unspent.
Unfortunately there happens to be some programs that need money. First,
I chose to spend 117 billion on giving tax credits for Families/Children, opting
for the President’s budget. I voted to repeal the 4.3 cent motor fuels tax,
spending 2.9. Finally, I spent 15.6 to Provide Tax Incentives for Long – Term
Care Insurance. All this spending on revenues cost me 187.2 billion. My rational
behind my spending, is once again in my own self interest, for if I was a Member
of Congress, with all the cuts I have made, I have to give back a little.
Will the budget balance? Before the exercise began there was an 809
billion deficit. I spent 209.3 billion, on a total of 6 different programs. I
cut 1048.7 billion from 18 different recipients of federal dollars. This amounts
to a balanced budget. Total Deficit Reduction from Policy changes equaled
838.7(all amounts in billions). Interest savings amounted to 83.87. Total
deficit reduction, 992.57. Add in the baseline budget deficit of 809 billion
from the previous year. 113.57 remains. Policy changes totaled at 718.7.
Spending changes as a percentage ended up 85.7%. Finally revenue changes
finished at 14.31%.
Is it feasible to balance the Federal Budget? It is if it is a game or
assignment. Dealing with issues that effect individuals from all walks of life
is almost impossible. I cut all but a few categories under International &
Domestic Spending. It is not realistic in the real world. Cutting funding for
one program not only effects those involved, but inadvertently effects’ others.
An example would be cutting welfare benefits. With no money, no job, and no
future prospects, an individual might result to crime, whether selling narcotics
or robbery, in order to support their family. The decisions that the President
makes in preparing a budget have to be overwhelming. In Congress, individual
decisions are more anonymous. The records are accessible, but who really
remembers how an individual Member of Congress voted. How many taxpayers know
what a baseline is. The President and Congress each uses their own baseline, it
helps them justify spending or cuts. Until the President and Congress can agree
to bal ance the budget, cut waste, and quit talking about it, there will be a
Exercise In Hard Choices. Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget. July 1996.