Лекция: Переведите каждое предложение на русский язык.

Не   must may might can't   know your sister be busy be ill be tired be hungry      
Не   must may might can't   be   sleeping working hard watching TV having dinner playing football  


He must have forgotten your address
  may   lost your book
  might   missed the train
  can't   caught cold
      fallen ill
      left the country
      sold his piano
      bought a car

Упр. 491. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя модальные глаголы must, may, might или can't.

1. Они, должно быть, живут в Санкт-Петербурге.

2. Они, может быть, живут в Санкт-Петербурге.

3. Может быть, они и живут в Санкт-Петербур­ге (хотя едва ли).

4. Не может быть, что они живут в Санкт-Пе тербурге.

5. Они, должно быть, жили в Санкт-Петербурге.

6. Они, может быть, жили в Санкт-Петербурге.

7. Может быть, они и жили в Санкт-Петербурге (хотя едва ли).

8. Не может быть, что они жили в Санкт-Петер­бурге.

9. Он, должно быть, на работе.

10. Он, должно быть, был на работе.

11. Он, может быть, на работе. 12.Он, может быть, был на работе.

13. Может быть, он и на работе (хотя едва ли).

14. Может быть, он и был на работе (хотя едва ли).

15. Не может быть, что он на работе.

16. Не может быть, что он был на работе.

Упр. 492. Перепишите сначала все предлож ния, в которых модальный глагол may (might) выражает разрешение, а затем предложения в которых он выражает предположение. Переве­дите предложения на русский язык.

1. Children may borrow books from the school li­brary. 2. I may show him your reports later. I don't know. 3. Your hair is getting rather thin, sir, may I advise to change your parting1? 4. Mother, may I have a glass of light beer? 5. I may have wrecked my own life, but I will not let you wreck yours. 6. Jus­tice may be slow, mother, but it comes in the end. 7. He may have written the letter, but the signature is certainly not his. 8. It might have been worse. 9. May I come and see you some day? 10. We asked the teacher if we might use dictionaries.

Упр. 493. Перефразируйте следующие пред-|ложения, употребляя модальный глагол may. E.g. Possibly you left your book behind. Youmay have left your book behind.

1. Perhaps you left your umbrella in the bus.

2. Perhaps he went to the cafe to wait for us.

3. Perhaps it was Helen who rang you up. 4. Per­haps they came by plane. 5. Perhaps she had a very good English teacher. 6. Perhaps it was too cold for the children to go out. 7. It is possible that he took his children to the zoo. 8. Possibly they did not see us in the crowd. 9. Perhaps Rob­ert used a dictionary. 10. Possibly Mary misun­derstood you. 11. Perhaps Henry waited for us there. 12. Possibly Ann returned very late last night. 13. Possibly they have seen the new play. 1 4. Perhaps Nick has left his exercise-book at home.

Упр. 494. Перефразируйте следующие пред­ложения, употребляя модальный глагол may.

1. Perhaps he is at home, but I am not sure he is. 2. It is possible that we studied at the same school, but I don't remember her. 3. Perhaps she was proud of her knowledge, but she never showed it to her classmates. 4. Perhaps there was a chance for him to win the match. 5. Perhaps Peter was as capable as the old workers, but he was given no chance to show his skill. 6. It is possible that your brother has never heard about this singer. 7. Perhaps she tried to enter the university, but failed. 8. It is possible that you asked the wrong people, that's why you didn't get the right an­swer. 9. Perhaps our friends will arrive here to­morrow. 10. Perhaps they will come home very soon: be ready. 11. Perhaps the question was too difficult for her. 12. Try this delicious drink: perhaps you will like it. 13. Why didn't Nick ring us up? — It is possible that he forgot about it.

Упр. 495. Вставьте модальный глагол may или might. Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующу­юся форму инфинитива.

1.… I (to ask) you to take off your hat? 2. She asked me if she… (to turn) on the light. 3. I am afraid it… (not to stop) raining by the morning. 4. Don't scold her: the task… (to be) too difficult for her, that's why she made rather many mis­takes. 5. If they'don't miss the train, they… (to arrive) in time. 6. Why isn't he here yet? What has happened? — Oh, he… (to miss) the train. 7. He… (to do) very hard work. That's why he looks so tired now.

Упр. 496. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя модальный глагол may.

1. Может быть, мы поедем на Волгу. 2. Может быть, она придет завтра. 3. Может быть, я куп­лю эту книгу в Москве. 4. Возможно, она при­шлет нам телеграмму. 5. Возможно, они забудут принести газету. 6. Возможно, мой брат забыл позвонить вам. 7. Возможно, она уже купила билеты. 8. Может быть, он уже сделал уроки. 9. Может быть, моя сестра уже поговорила с ними. 10. Возможно, они уехали за границу. 11. Может быть, бабушка спит. 12. Может быть, дети играют у реки. 13. Возможно, они сейчас как-раз обсуждают этот вопрос. 14. Возможно,

они как-раз сейчас обедают. 15. Может быть, он сейчас лежит на траве и смотрит на облака.

Упр. 497. Перепишите сначала все предложе-ния, в которых модальный глагол must выра-жает долженствование, а затем предложения, в которых он выражает предположение. Переве-дите предложения на русский язык.

1. You must be a fool to think so. 2. The work I must have been carried out in secret for quite a long time. 3. The question must be solved before we begin doing anything. 4. Mind, you mustn't spend all the money. 5. You must take a taxi if you want to catch that train. 6. You must tell your mother about it. 7. But she must have seen him! 8. Oh, John, think how she must be suffering! 9. Is she waiting? She must have been waiting for an hour. 10. «Oh, Auntie,» he answered, «you mustn't talk like that.» 11. And remember, you must come and see the baby as soon as you can. 12. You must go home now, Georgie.

Упр. 498. Перефразируйте следующие пред­ложения, употребляя модальный глаголmust.

E.g. Probably I left my textbook in the classroom. I must have left my textbook in the classroom.

1. Probably I left my bag in the canteen. 2. Prob­ably you left your umbrella in the bus. 3. Probably Mary forgot to call me. 4. Probably mother took my umbrella. 5. Probably I have seen you before: your face is familiar to me. 6. Probably you left your ex­ercise-book at school. 7. Evidently she has left the town. 8. Probably Mike has gone to the teachers' room. 9. Probably Tom and Nick are playing foot­ball. 10. Probably Helen has got a bad mark. 11. Ev­idently they have solved the problem. 12. Evidently the pupils have finished writing their composition. 13. Obviously he forgot to warn them. 14. Evident­ly the meeting was cancelled. 15. Evidently he for­got to send them a telegram. 16. Evidently there was something wrong with the tape-recorder.

Упр. 499. Перефразируйте следующие пред­ложения, употребляя модальный глаголmust.

1. You have been absent very long. I am sun you feel hungry. 2. Where are the children? -They are at the river with Nick. I am sure they an having a very good time. 3. He has probably worke' very hard to finish his book. 4. She is a very expe rienced doctor. I am sure she has been working at this hospital for at least fifteen years. 5. Look! Helen's windows are open. I feel sure she is at home. 6. The Smiths have always been great foot­ball fans. I am sure they are at the stadium watch­ing the football match. 7. Probably they have changed the school programme. My granddaugh ter knows a great deal more than I did when I was her age. 8. It is probably a very difficult rule. 9. I am sure it is pleasant to spend summer in such a picturesque place. 10. You have probably read books of this author before. 11. I feel sure they are pre­paring a surprise for us. 12. These old legends were probably composed about a thousand years ago. 13. It is probably nine o'clock now. 14. He is very old. I think he is nearly eighty. 15. It is prob-ably time to go now.

Упр. 500. Перефразируйте следующие пред-|ложения, употребляя модальный глагол must.

I. I think it is time for the bell to ring. 2. I am almost sure they have this book in the library. 3. Probably he recognized you by your photo in he papers. 4. He is sure to be in at this time. 5. Of course she is trying to help you. 6. She is certain to be waiting for you at home. 7. Probably he was already ill. 8. There is little doubt that the first experiment failed. 9. No doubt, she knew what she was going to do. 10. I am sure she is fond of the child. 11. They are sure to have taken the wrong turning. 12. Probably he was taken there by car.

Упр. 501. Переведите на английский язык, ютребляя модальный глагол must.

1. Должно быть, он знает несколько иностран­ных языков. 2. Должно быть, он сейчас работает над этой проблемой. 3. Наверное, они сейчас наслаждаются прекрасной погодой. 4. Наверное, она пытается найти старые письма. 5. Вероятно, они сейчас любуются красотой южной природы. 6. Вероятно, он уже вернулся с юга. 7. Навер­ное, она потеряла мой адрес. 8. Должно быть, они уже закончили свою работу. 9. Вероятно, он все рассказал на суде. 10. Должно быть, она все приготовила заранее. 11. Должно быть, он еще здесь. 12. Должно быть, они только что пришли. 13. По-видимому, он унес бумаги с собой. 14. Очевидно, здесь уже кто-то был. 15. Вероят­но, они над ним смеются. 16. Должно быть, они тогда жили здесь. 17. Должно быть, идет дождь. 18. Вероятно, это здесь.

Упр. 502. Раскройте скобки, употребляя тре­бующуюся форму инфинитива.

1. Не knows mathematics much better than he did last year. He must (to work) a lot in summer. 2. Your mathematics is very poor. You must (to work) at it in summer. 3. Where is Peter? — Oh, he must (to read) in the library. He is getting ready for a very difficult examination. 4. You must (to study) English for several years already. Your lan­guage is very good. 5. Oh, look how white and clean everything is! It must (to snow) at night. 6. Oh, you are all in snow, you look like a snow­man. It must (to snow) heavily. 7. Look, what huge snowdrifts there are everywhere, and the path is •covered with knee-deep snow. It must (to snow) for several hours already. 8. You look fresh! You must (to have) a good sleep at night. 9. You look very tired. You must (to have) a good sleep at night.

  Обратите внимание:  
Не had to go — Ему пришлось Не must have gone — Он, должно   уйти. быть, ушел.  
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